Insect Visitors
of Illinois Wildflowers
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Illinois Wildflowers


Click on links at right for specific insect visitors of plant species:


Database Description

Bird Database

Bee Database

Wasp, Ant, & Sawfly Database

Fly Database

Butterfly, Skipper, & Moth Database

Beetle Database

True Bug & Others Database

Oligolectic Bees

Database Abbreviations: Insect Activity

Database Abbreviations: Scientific Observer

Common Names: Insect Families

Common Names: Insect Species

Descriptions: Long-Tongued Bees

Descriptions: Short-Tongued Bees

Descriptions: Wasps

Descriptions: Flies

Descriptions: Beetles

Descriptions: Plant Bugs

Descriptions: Butterflies, Skippers, and Moths

References

Links

Send comments or questions to
Dr. John Hilty at: john@illinoiswildflowers.info


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Copyright 2002-2014
by John Hilty

All rights reserved.

Last Updated: 11-5-14



Abutilon theophrastii (Velvet Leaf)

Acer negundo (Box Elder)

Acer saccharum (Sugar Maple)


Achillea millefolium (Yarrow)

Actaea pachypoda (Doll's Eyes)

Aesculus glabra (Ohio Buckeye)

Aesculus hippocastanum (Horse Chestnut)

Aesculus pavia (Red Buckeye)

Agalinis purpurea (Purple False Foxglove)

Agalinis tenuifolia (Slender False Foxglove)

Agastache foeniculum (Anise Hyssop)

Agastache nepetoides (Yellow Giant Hyssop)

Agastache scrophulariaefolia (Purple Giant Hyssop)

Ageratina altissima (White Snakeroot)


Agoseris cuspidata (Prairie Dandelion)

Agrimonia grypsosepala (Tall Agrimony)

Ailanthus altissima (Tree-of-Heaven)


Alisma plantago-aquatica (Water Plantain)

Alliaria petiolata (Garlic Mustard)

Allium canadense (Wild Garlic)

Allium cernuum (Nodding Onion)

Allium tricoccum (Wild Ramp)


Amaranthus spinosus (Spiny Pigweed)

Ambrosia trifida (Giant Ragweed)

Amelanchier arborea (Downy Serviceberry)

Amelanchier laevis (Smooth Juneberry)

Ammannia coccinea (Scarlet Toothcup)


Amorpha canescens (Leadplant)

Amorpha fruticosa (Indigo Bush)

Amphiachyris dracunculoides (Broomweed)

Amphicarpaea bracteata var. comosa (Hog Peanut)

Andromeda glaucophylla (Bog Rosemary)

Anemone canadensis (Meadow Anemone)

Anemone virginiana (Tall Anemone)

Anemonella thalictroides (Rue Anemone)


Angelica atropurpurea (Great Angelica)

Antennaria neglecta (Field Pussytoes)

Antennaria plantaginifolia (Plantain-Leaved Pussytoes)

Anthemis cotula (Dog Fennel)

Apios americana (Groundnut)


Aplectrum hyemale (Putty-Root Orchid)

Apocynum androsaemifolium (Spreading Dogbane)

Apocynum cannabinum (Common Dogbane)

Aquilegia canadensis (Wild Columbine)

Arabis laevigata (Smooth Rock Cress)

Arabis lyrata (Sand Rock Cress)

Arabis shortii (Toothed Rock Cress)

Aralia hispida (Bristly Sarsaparilla)

Aralia nudicaulis (Wild Sarsaparilla)

Arctium lappa (Great Burdock)

Arctium minus (Common Burdock)


Arethusa bulbosa (Dragon's Mouth Orchid)

Argentina anserina (Silverweed)

Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-Pulpit)

Aristolochia tomentosa (Dutchman's Pipevine)

Arnoglossum atriplicifolium (Pale Indian Plantain)

Arnoglossum muhlenbergii (Great Indian Plantain)


Arnoglossum plantagineum (Prairie Indian Plantain)

Aronia melanocarpa (Black Chokeberry)

Aruncus dioicus (Goat's Beard)


Asclepias amplexicaulis (Sand Milkweed)

Asclepias exaltata (Poke Milkweed)

Asclepias hirtella (Tall Green Milkweed)

Asclepias incarnata (Swamp Milkweed)

Asclepias lanuginosa (Woolly Milkweed)

Asclepias meadii (Mead's Milkweed)

Asclepias ovalifolia (Oval-Leaved Milkweed)

Asclepias perennis (White Swamp Milkweed)

Asclepias purpurascens (Purple Milkweed)

Asclepias sullivantii (Prairie Milkweed)

Asclepias syriaca (Common Milkweed)

Asclepias tuberosa (Butterfly Milkweed)

Asclepias verticillata (Whorled Milkweed)

Asclepias viridiflora (Short Green Milkweed)

Asclepias viridis (Spider Milkweed)

Asimina triloba (Pawpaw)

Asparagus officinalis (Asparagus)

Aster sp. (Aster)

Aster anomalus (Many-Rayed Aster)

Aster cordifolius (Blue Wood Aster)

Aster drummondii (Drummond's Aster)


Aster dumosus (Rice Button Aster)

Aster ericoides (Heath Aster)

Aster furcatus (Forked Aster)


Aster laevis (Smooth Blue Aster)

Aster lanceolatus (Panicled Aster)

Aster lateriflorus (Calico Aster)

Aster macrophyllus (Large-Leaved Aster)


Aster novae-angliae (New England Aster)

Aster ontarionis (Ontario Aster)


Aster oolentangiensis (Sky Blue Aster)

Aster pilosus (Frost Aster)

Aster prenanthoides (Zig-Zag Aster)

Aster puniceus (Swamp Aster)

Aster sagittifolius (Arrow-Leaved Aster)


Aster salicifolius (Willow Aster)

Aster sericeus (Silky Aster)

Aster subulatus (Expressway Aster)

Aster turbinellus (Prairie Aster)

Astragalus canadensis (Canada Milkvetch)

Astragalus crassicarpus var. trichocalyx (Large Ground Plum)

Astragalus tennesseenis (Tennessee Milkvetch)

Aureolaria grandiflora (Large-Flowered False Foxglove)


Baptisia australis (Blue Wild Indigo)

Baptisia leucantha (White Wild Indigo)

Baptisia leucophaea (Cream Wild Indigo)

Baptisia tinctoria (Yellow Wild Indigo)

Barbarea vulgaris (Yellow Rocket)

Berteroa incana (Hoary Alyssum)


Besseya bullii (Kittentails)

Bidens aristosa (Tickseed Sunflower)

Bidens bipinnata (Spanish Needles)

Bidens cernua (Nodding Bur-Marigold)

Bidens connata (Purple-Stemmed Beggar's Ticks)

Bidens coronata (Tall Swamp Marigold)

Bidens discoidea (Swamp Beggar's Ticks)

Bidens frondosa (Common Beggar's Ticks)


Blephilia ciliata (Downy Wood Mint)

Blephilia hirsuta (Hairy Wood Mint)


Boltonia asteroides (False Aster)

Brasenia schreberi (Watershield)

Brickellia eupatorioides (False Boneset)

Cabomba caroliniana (Fanwort)

Callirhoe digitata (Fringed Poppy Mallow)

Callirhoe involucrata (Purple Poppy Mallow)

Calopogon tuberosus (Grass Pink Orchid)

Caltha palustris (Marsh Marigold)

Camassia scilloides (Wild Hyacinth)

Campanula rotundifolia (Harebells)


Campanulastrum americanum (American Bellflower)

Campsis radicans (Trumpet Creeper)

Capsella bursa-pastoris (Shepherd's Purse)

Cardamine bulbosa (Spring Cress)

Cardamine douglassii (Purple Spring Cress)

Carduus nutans (Nodding Thistle)

Cassia chamaecrista (Partridge Pea)

Cassia marilandica (Maryland Senna)

Castilleja coccinea (Indian Paintbrush)

Castilleja sessiliflora (Yellow Painted Cup)

Catalpa speciosa (Northern Catalpa)

Caulophyllum thalictroides (Blue Cohosh)

Ceanothus sp. (Buckbrush)

Ceanothus americanus (New Jersey Tea)

Ceanothus herbaceus (Inland New Jersey Tea)

Celastrus scandens (American Bittersweet)

Centaurea biebersteinii (Spotted Knapweed)

Cephalanthus occidentalis (Buttonbush)


Cerastium fontanum (Common Mouse-Eared Chickweed)

Cerastium nutans (Nodding Mouse-Eared Chickweed)

Cercis canadensis (Redbud)

Chaerophyllum procumbens (Wild Chervil)

Chamaedaphne calyculata (Leatherleaf)

Chamaesyce nutans (Nodding Spurge)

Chelone glabra (White Turtlehead)

Chimaphila maculata (Spotted Wintergreen)

Chimaphila umbellata (Pipsissewa)

Chrysopsis villosa (Golden Aster)


Cichorium intybus (Chicory)

Cicuta maculata (Water Hemlock)

Circaea lutetiana (Enchanter's Nightshade)


Cirsium altissimum (Tall Thistle)

Cirsium arvense (Canada Thistle)


Cirsium discolor (Pasture Thistle)

Cirsium hillii (Hill's Thistle)

Cirsium pitcheri (Dune Thistle)

Cirsium undulatum Wavy-Leaved Thistle)

Cirsium vulgare (Bull Thistle)

Claytonia virginica (Spring Beauty)

Clematis pitcheri (Pitcher's Leatherflower)

Clematis virginiana (Virgin's Bower)


Cleome serrulata (Rocky Mountain Bee Plant)

Clintonia borealis (Bluebead Lily)

Collinsia verna (Blue-Eyed Mary)


Comandra umbellata (Bastard Toadflax)

Conioselinum chinense (Hemlock Parsley)

Convolvulus sepium (Hedge Bindweed)

Conyza canadensis (Horseweed)

Coreopsis lanceolata (Sand Coreopsis)

Coreopsis palmata (Prairie Coreopsis)

Coreopsis tinctoria (Plains Coreopsis)

Coreopsis tripteris (Tall Coreopsis)

Cornus canadensis (Bunchberry)

Cornus drummondii (Rough-Leaved Dogwood)

Cornus florida (Flowering Dogwood)

Cornus foemina (Stiff Dogwood)

Cornus obliqua (Pale Dogwood)

Cornus racemosa (Gray Dogwood)

Crataegus crus-galli (Cock-Spur Hawthorn)

Crataegus intricata (Lange's Hawthorn)

Crataegus mollis (Downy Hawthorn)


Crepis tectorum (Narrow-Leaved Hawksbeard)

Crotalaria sagittalis (Rattlebox)

Crotonopsis linearis (Linear Rushfoil)

Cryptotaenia canadensis (Honewort)


Cucurbita foetidissima (Buffalo Gourd)

Cucurbita pepo (Summer Squash)


Cuphea viscossima (Clammy Cuphea)

Cuscuta cephalanthi (Buttonbush Dodder)


Cuscuta glomerata (American Dodder)

Cynanchum laeve (Blue Vine)

Cynoglossum officinale (Common Hound's Tongue)

Cypripedium acaule (Pink Lady's Slipper)

Cypripedium arietinum (Ram's Head Lady's Slipper)

Cypripedium candidum (White Lady's Slipper)

Cypripedium pubescens (Yellow Lady's Slipper)


Cypripedium reginae (Showy Lady's Slipper)

Dalea candida (White Prairie Clover)

Dalea purpurea (Purple Prairie Clover)

Dalea villosa (Silky Prairie Clover)

Dasistoma macrophylla (Mullein Foxglove)

Datura stramonium var. stramonium (Jimsonweed)

Datura stramonium var. tatula (Jimsonweed)

Daucus carota (Wild Carrot)

Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens (Prairie Delphinium)

Delphinium tricorne (Spring Larkspur)

Dentaria laciniata (Cut-Leaved Toothwort)

Descurainia pinnata (Tansy Mustard)


Desmodium canadense (Showy Tick Trefoil)

Desmodium canescens (Hoary Tick Trefoil)

Desmodium cuspidatum (Large-Bracted Tick Trefoil)

Desmodium glabellum/perplexum (Tick Trefoil)

Desmodium glutinosum (Pointed-Leaved Tick Trefoil)


Desmodium illinoense (Illinois Tick Trefoil)

Desmodium marilandicum (Small-Leaved Tick Trefoil)


Desmodium paniculatum (Panicled Tick Trefoil)

Desmodium sessilifolium (Sessile-Leaved Tick Trefoil)

Dicentra canadensis (Squirrel Corn)

Dicentra cucullaria (Dutchman's Breeches)

Diervilla lonicera (Bush Honeysuckle)

Diospyros virginiana (Persimmon)

Dipsacus fullonum (Teasel)

Dirca palustris (Leatherwood)


Dodecatheon meadia (Shooting Star)

Echinacea angustifolia (Prairie Purple Coneflower)

Echinacea pallida (Pale Purple Coneflower)

Echinacea purpurea (Purple Coneflower)

Echinacea simulata (Glade Coneflower)

Echinocystis lobata (Wild Cucumber)

Ellisia nyctelaea (Aunt Lucy)

Enemion biternatum (False Rue Anemone)


Euonymus atropurpureus (Wahoo)

Epilobium angustifolium (Fireweed)

Epipactis helleborine (Broad-Leaved Helleborine)

Erechtites hieracifolia (Pilewort)

Erigenia bulbosa (Harbinger-of-Spring)

Erigeron sp. (Fleabane)

Erigeron annuus (Annual Fleabane)

Erigeron philadelphicus (Philadelphia Fleabane)

Erigeron pulchellus (Robin's Plantain)


Erigeron strigosus (Daisy Fleabane)

Eryngium yuccifolium (Rattlesnake Master)

Erythronium albidum (White Trout Lily)

Erythronium americanum (Yellow Trout Lily)


Erythronium mesochoreum (Prairie Trout Lily)

Euonymus atropurpureus (Wahoo)

Eupatoriadelphus maculatus (Spotted Joe-Pye Weed)

Eupatoriadelphus purpureus (Sweet Joe-Pye Weed)

Eupatorium altissimum (Tall Boneset)

Eupatorium coelestinum (Mistflower)

Eupatorium perfoliatum (Common Boneset)

Eupatorium serotinum (Late Boneset)

Eupatorium sessilifolium (Upland Boneset)


Euphorbia commutata (Wood Spurge)

Euphorbia corollata (Flowering Spurge)

Euphorbia cyparissias (Cypress Spurge)

Euthamia graminifolia (Grass-Leaved Goldenrod)

Fallopia convolvulus (Black Bindweed)

Fallopia scandens (Climbing Buckwheat)


Fragaria virginiana (Wild Strawberry)

Frasera caroliniensis (American Columbo)

Filipendula rubra (Queen-of-the-Prairie)

Fraxinus americanus (White Ash)

Galearis spectabilis (Showy Orchis)

Galium aparine (Cleavers)

Galium boreale (Northern Bedstraw)

Galium trifidum (Small Bedstraw)


Gaultheria procumbens (Checkerberry)

Gaura biennis (Biennial Gaura)

Gaylussacia baccata (Black Huckleberry)

Gentiana andrewsii (Bottle Gentian)

Gentiana puberulenta (Prairie Gentian)

Gentianopsis crinita (Fringed Gentian)

Geranium carolinianum (Carolina Cranesbill)

Geranium maculatum (Wild Geranium)

Geum canadense (White Avens)

Geum vernum (Spring Avens)

Glandularia canadensis (Rose Vervain)

Glechoma hederacea (Ground Ivy)

Gleditsia triacanthos (Honey Locust)


Gnaphalium obtusifolium (Sweet Everlasting)

Gratiola virginiana (Round-Fruited Hedge Hyssop)

Grindelia squarrosa (Gumweed)

Gymnocladus dioicus (Kentucky Coffee Tree)


Hackelia virginiana (Stickseed)

Hamamelis virginiana (Witch Hazel)


Hedeoma pulegioides (American Pennyroyal)

Hedyotis longifolia (Long-Leaved Bluets)

Hedyotis nigricans (Narrow-Leaved Bluets)

Hedyotis purpurea calycosa (Broad-Leaved Bluets)

Helenium autumnale (Sneezeweed)

Helianthemum canadense (Frostweed)

Helianthus angustifolius (Narrow-Leaved Sunflower)

Helianthus annuus (Annual Sunflower)

Helianthus decapetalus (Ten-Petal Sunflower)

Helianthus divaricatus (Woodland Sunflower)


Helianthus giganteus (Giant Sunflower)

Helianthus grosseserratus (Sawtooth Sunflower)

Helianthus mollis (Downy Sunflower)

Helianthus occidentalis (Western Sunflower)

Helianthus petiolaris (Plains Sunflower)

Helianthus rigidus (Prairie Sunflower)

Helianthus strumosus (Pale-Leaved Sunflower)

Helianthus tuberosus (Indian Potato)

Heliopsis helianthoides (False Sunflower)

Hepatica acutiloba (Sharp-Lobed Hepatica)


Hepatica americana (Blunt-Lobed Hepatica)

Heracleum lanatum (Cow Parsnip)

Heuchera americana (Woodland Alumroot)

Heuchera richardsonii (Prairie Alumroot)

Hibiscus moscheutos (Swamp Rose Mallow)

Hibiscus laevis (Halberd-Leaved Rose Mallow)

Hibiscus lasiocarpos (Hairy Rose Mallow)

Hibiscus trionum (Flower-of-an-Hour)

Hieracium aurantiacum (Orange Hawkweed)

Hieracium venosum (Rattlesnake Hawkweed)

Houstonia caerulea (Quaker Ladies)

Hybanthus concolor (Green Violet)

Hydrangea arborescens (Wild Hydrangea)

Hydrophyllum appendiculatum (Great Waterleaf)

Hydrophyllum virginianum (Virginia Waterleaf)

Hypericum perforatum (Common St. John's Wort)

Hypericum punctatum (Spotted St. John's Wort)

Hypericum pyramidatum (Great St. John's Wort)

Hypericum sphaerocarpum (Round-Fruited St. John's Wort)

Hypoxis hirsuta (Yellow Star Grass)

Ilex verticillata (Winterberry)

Impatiens capensis (Orange Jewelweed)

Impatiens pallida (Yellow Jewelweed)

Ipomoea hederacea (Ivy-Leaved Morning Glory)

Ipomoea lacunosa (Small White Morning Glory)

Ipomoea pandurata (Wild Sweet Potato)

Ipomoea purpurea (Common Morning Glory)

Iris brevicaulis (Wild Blue Iris)

Iris cristata (Dwarf Crested Iris)

Iris fulva (Copper Iris)

Iris versicolor shrevei (Blue Flag Iris)

Isotria verticillata (Whorled Pogonia)

Jeffersonia diphylla (Twin-Leaf)


Justicia americana (Water Willow)

Krigia biflora (Two-Flowered Cynthia)

Krigia dandelion (Potato Dandelion)

Krigia virginica (Dwarf Dandelion)

Lactuca canadensis (Wild Lettuce)

Lactuca floridana (Blue Woodland Lettuce)


Lactuca pulchella (Wild Blue Lettuce)

Lamium amplexicaule (Henbit)

Leonurus cardiaca (Motherwort)


Lepidium virginicum (Common Peppergrass)

Lespedeza capitata (Round-Headed Bush Clover)

Lespedeza procumbens (Trailing Bush Clover)


Lespedeza virginica (Slender Bush Clover)

Leucanthemum vulgare (Ox-Eye Daisy)


Liatris aspera (Rough Blazingstar)

Liatris cylindracea (Cylindrical Blazingstar)

Liatris punctata (Dotted Blazingstar)

Liatris pycnostachya (Prairie Blazingstar)

Liatris spicata (Marsh Blazingstar)

Lilium canadense (Canada Lily)

Lilium michiganense (Michigan Lily)

Lilium philadelphicum (Prairie Lily)

Linaria vulgaris (Butter-and-Eggs)

Lindera benzoin (Spicebush)

Lindernia dubia (False Pimpernel)

Linnaea borealis (Twin-Flower)

Linum sulcatum (Grooved Yellow Flax)

Liparis liliifolia (Twayblade Orchid)


Lithospermum canescens (Hoary Puccoon)

Lithospermum croceum (Hairy Puccoon)

Lobelia cardinalis (Cardinal Flower)

Lobelia inflata (Indian Tobacco)

Lobelia speciosa (Hybrid Cardinal Flower)


Lobelia siphilitica (Great Blue Lobelia)

Lobelia spicata (Pale-Spiked Lobelia)

Lonicera canadensis (American Fly Honeysuckle)

Lonicera dioica (Smooth Honeysuckle)

Lonicera oblongifolia (Swamp Fly Honeysuckle)

Lonicera reticulata (Grape Honeysuckle)

Lonicera sempervirens (Trumpet Honeysuckle)

Lonicera tartarica (Tartarian Honeysuckle)

Lotus corniculatus (Bird Foot's Trefoil)

Ludwigia alternifolia (Seedbox)

Ludwigia peploides glabrescens (Creeping Primrose)

Ludwigia polycarpa (False Loosestrife)


Lupinus perennis (Wild Lupine)

Lycopersicon esculentum (Tomato)

Lycopus americanus (Common Bugleweed)

Lysimachia ciliata (Fringed Loosestrife)


Lysimachia lanceolata (Lance-Leaved Loosestrife)

Lysimachia quadriflora (Marsh Loosestrife)

Lysimachia quadrifolia (Whorled Loosestrife)

Lythrum alatum (Winged Loosestrife)

Maianthemum canadense (Canada Mayflower)

Malus coronaria (Wild Sweet Crabapple)

Malus pumila (Apple)

Malva neglecta (Common Mallow)

Manfreda virginica (Eastern Agave)

Marrubium vulgare (Common Horehound)


Medicago sativa (Alfalfa)

Melampyrum lineare (Cow-Wheat)

Melanthium virginicum (Bunchflower)

Melilotus alba (White Sweet Clover)


Melilotus officinalis (Yellow Sweet Clover)

Mentha arvensis (Field Mint)

Mertensia virginica (Virginia Bluebells)

Mimulus alatus (Winged Monkey Flower)

Mimulus ringens (Monkey Flower)

Minuartia patula (Slender Sandwort)

Mirabilis nyctaginea (Wild Four O'Clock)

Mitchella repens (Partridge Berry)

Mitella diphylla (Miterwort)


Mollugo verticillata (Carpetweed)

Monarda sp. (Bee Balm)

Monarda bradburiana (Bradbury's Bee Balm)

Monarda citriodora (Lemon Bee Balm)

Monarda didyma (Oswego Tea)

Monarda fistulosa (Wild Bergamot)

Monarda punctata (Spotted Bee Balm)

Monotropa hypopitys (Pinesap)

Monotropa uniflora (Indian Pipe)

Myosotis verna (Spring Scorpion Grass)

Myosurus minimus (Mousetail)

Napaea dioica (Glade Mallow)

Nelumbo lutea (Water Lotus)

Nemopanthus mucronatus (Mountain Holly)

Nepeta cataria (Catnip)


Nothoscordum bivalve (False Garlic)

Nuphar advena (Spatterdock)

Nuttallanthus canadensis (Blue Toadflax)

Nymphaea tuberosa (White Water Lily)


Oenothera biennis (Common Evening Primrose)

Oenothera macrocarpa (Missouri Evening Primrose)

Oenothera pilosella (Prairie Sundrops)

Oenothera rhombipetala (Sand Evening Primrose)

Oligoneuron album (Aster-like Goldenrod)

Onosmodium molle (Marbleseed)

Opuntia humifusa (Eastern Prickly Pear)

Orobanche uniflora (One-Flowered Broomrape)

Orthilia secunda (One-Sided Shinleaf)

Osmorhiza longistylis (Anise Root)

Oxalis corniculata (Creeping Wood Sorrel)


Oxalis montana (Northern Wood Sorrel)

Oxalis stricta (Yellow Wood Sorrel)

Oxalis violacea (Violet Wood Sorrel)

Oxypolis rigidior (Cowbane)

Panax quinquefolius (American Ginseng)

Panicum virgatum (Switchgrass)

Parnassia glauca (Grass of Parnassus)

Parthenium integrifolium (Wild Quinine)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia Creeper)

Passiflora incarnata (Passionflower)

Passiflora lutea (Creamy Passionflower)

Pastinaca sativa (Wild Parsnip)


Pedicularis canadensis (Wood Betony)

Pedicularis lanceolata (Swamp Betony)

Peltandra virginica (Arrow Arum)

Penstemon cobaea cobaea (Showy Penstemon, typical variety)

Penstemon cobaea purpureus (Showy Penstemon, purple variety)

Penstemon digitalis (Foxglove Penstemon)

Penstemon gracilis gracilis (Slender Penstemon, typical variety)

Penstemon gracilis wisconsinensis (Slender Penstemon, Wisconsin variety)

Penstemon grandiflorus (Large-Flowered Penstemon)

Penstemon hirsutus (Hairy Penstemon)

Penstemon pallidus (Pale Beardtongue)

Penstemon tubaeflorus (Trumpet Penstemon)

Pentaphylloides floribunda (Shrubby Cinquefoil)

Perideridia americana (Wild Dill)

Persicaria amphibium (Water Smartweed)

Persicaria hydropiper (Water Pepper)

Persicaria hydropiperoides (Mild Water Pepper)

Perscaria lapathifolia (Pale Smartweed)

Persicaria pennsylvanica (Pennsylvania Smartweed)

Persicaria punctata (Dotted Smartweed)

Persicaria vulgaris (Lady's Thumb)

Phacelia purshii (Miami Mist)

Phacelia ranunculacea (Dwarf Phacelia)

Philadelphus grandiflorus (Large-Flowered Mock Orange)


Phlox divaricata ssp. laphamii (Woodland Phlox)


Phlox glaberrima (Smooth Phlox)

Phlox pilosa (Prairie Phlox)

Phryma leptostachya (Lopseed)


Phyla lanceolata (Fogfruit)

Physalis heterophylla (Clammy Ground Cherry)

Physalis lanceolata (Lance-Leaved Ground Cherry)

Physalis subglabrata (Smooth Ground Cherry)

Physalis virginiana (Virginia Ground Cherry)

Physocarpus opulifolius (Ninebark)

Physostegia virginiana (Obedient Plant)

Phytolacca americana (Pokeweed)

Plantago major (Broad-Leaved Plantain)

Platanthera blephariglottis (White-Fringed Orchid)

Platanthera ciliaris (Orange-Fringed Orchid)

Platanthera flava (Tubercled Orchid)

Platanthera grandiflora (Large Purple-Fringed Orchid)

Platanthera lacera (Ragged Green Orchid)

Platanthera leucophaea (Prairie White-Fringed Orchid)

Platanthera obtusata (Blunt-Leaved Orchid)

Platanthera orbiculata (Round-Leaved Orchid)

Platanthera peramoena (Purple Fringeless Orchid)

Platanthera praeclara (Prairie White-Fringed Orchid)

Platanthera psychodes (Purple-Fringed Orchid)

Pluchea camphorata (Camphorweed)

Poa pratensis (Kentucky Bluegrass)

Podophyllum peltatum (Mayapple)

Pogonia ophioglossoides(Rose Pogonia)

Polemonium reptans (Jacob's Ladder)


Polygala paucifolia (Gaywings)

Polygala polygama (Purple Milkwort)

Polygala sanguinea (Field Milkwort)

Polygonatum commutatum (Solomon's Seal)

Polygonatum pubescens (Small Solomon's Seal)


Polymnia canadensis (White-Flowered Leafcup)

Polytaenia nutallii (Prairie Parsley)

Pontederia cordata (Pickerelweed)

Populus deltoides (Eastern Cottonwood)

Populus tremuloides (Quaking Aspen)

Porteranthus stipulatus (Indian Physic)

Portulaca oleracea (Purslane)

Potentilla argentea (Silvery Cinquefoil)

Potentilla arguta (Prairie Cinquefoil)

Potentilla norvegica (Rough Cinquefoil)


Potentilla recta (Sulfur Cinquefoil)

Potentilla simplex (Common Cinquefoil)

Prenanthes aspera (Rough White Lettuce)

Prenanthes crepidinea (Great White Lettuce)


Proboscidea louisianica (Unicorn Plant)

Prunella vulgaris (Self-Heal)

Prunus americana (Wild Plum)

Prunus angustifolia (Chickasaw Plum)

Prunus nigra (Canada Plum)

Prunus persica (Peach)

Prunus serotina (Wild Black Cherry)


Prunus virginiana (Chokecherry)

Psoralea onobrychis (Sanfoin)

Psoralea tenuiflora (Scurfy Pea)

Ptelea trifoliata (Wafer Ash)


Pulsatilla patens (Pasque Flower)

Pycnanthemum pilosum (Hairy Mountain Mint)

Pycnanthemum tenuifolium (Slender Mountain Mint)

Pycnanthemum virginianum (Common Mountain Mint)

Pyrrhopappus carolinianus (False Dandelion)

Ranunculus abortivus (Small-Flowered Buttercup)

Ranunculus acris (Tall Buttercup)

Ranunculus fascicularis (Early Buttercup)

Ranunculus harveyi (Harvey's Buttercup)

Ranunculus recurvatus (Hooked Buttercup)

Ranunculus septentrionalis (Swamp Buttercup)


Ratibida columnaris (Long-Headed Coneflower)

Ratibida pinnata (Yellow Coneflower)

Rhamnus lanceolata (Lance-Leaved Buckthorn)


Rhexia virginica (Virginia Meadow Beauty)

Rhus sp. (Sumac)

Rhus aromatica (Fragrant Sumac)

Rhus copallina (Winged Sumac)

Rhus glabra (Smooth Sumac)

Ribes americanum (Wild Black Currant)

Ribes cynosbati (Prickly Gooseberry)

Ribes hirtellum (Northern Gooseberry)

Ribes missouriense (Missouri Gooseberry)

Ribes odoratum (Buffalo Currant)

Ribes rubrum (Red Currant)

Robinia pseudoacacia (Black Locust)

Rorippa palustris (Marsh Yellow Cress)

Rorippa teres (Southern Marsh Yellow Cress)

Rosa sp. (Wild Rose)

Rosa blanda (Smooth Rose)

Rosa carolina (Pasture Rose)

Rosa multiflora (Multiflora Rose)

Rosa setigera (Wild Climbing Rose)

Rubus allegheniensis (Common Blackberry)

Rubus flagellaris (Common Dewberry)

Rubus occidentalis (Black Raspberry)

Rudbeckia hirta (Black-Eyed Susan)

Rudbeckia laciniata (Cut-Leaved Coneflower)

Rudbeckia missouriensis (Missouri Coneflower)

Rudbeckia subtomentosa (Sweet Coneflower)

Rudbeckia triloba (Brown-Eyed Susan)

Ruellia humilis (Hairy Wild Petunia)

Ruellia strepens (Smooth Wild Petunia)

Sabatia angularis (Common Rose Gentian)

Sagittaria latifolia (Common Arrowhead)

Salix amygdaloides (Peach-Leaved Willow)

Salix bebbiana (Bebb's Willow)


Salix discolor (Pussy Willow)

Salix fragilis (Crack Willow)

Salix humilis (Prairie Willow)

Salix interior (Sandbar Willow)

Salix lucida (Shining Willow)

Salix nigra (Black Willow)

Salix rigida (Heart-Leaved Willow)


Salix sericea (Silky Willow)

Salvia azurea (Wild Blue Sage)

Sambucus canadensis (Common Elderberry)

Samolus parviflorus (Brookweed)

Sanguinaria canadensis (Bloodroot)

Sanicula canadensis (Canada Black Snakeroot)

Sanicula marilandica (Maryland Black Snakeroot)


Saponaria officinalis (Soapwort)

Sarracenia purpurea (Northern Pitcher Plant)

Sassafras albidum (Sassafras)

Saururus cernuus (Lizard's Tail)

Saxifraga pennsylvanica (Swamp Saxifrage)

Schrankia nuttallii (Sensitive Brier)

Scrophularia marilandica (Late Figwort)


Scutellaria galericulata (Marsh Skullcap)

Scutellaria incana (Downy Skullcap)

Scutellaria lateriflora (Mad Dog Skullcap)

Scutellaria ovata bracteata (Heart-Leaved Skullcap)


Scutellaria parvula (Small Skullcap)

Sedum acre (Mossy Stonecrop)

Sedum ternatum (Woodland Stonecrop)

Senecio aureus (Golden Ragwort)

Senecio glabellus (Butterweed)

Senecio obovatus (Spoon-Leaved Ragwort)

Senecio pauperculus (Balsam Ragwort)

Senecio plattensis (Prairie Ragwort)

Sibara virginica (Virginia Rock Cress)

Sibbaldiopsis tridentata (Three-Toothed Cinquefoil)

Sicyos angulatus (Bur Cucumber)

Sida spinosa (Prickly Sida)


Silene nivea (Snowy Campion)

Silene regia (Royal Catchfly)

Silene virginica (Firepink)

Silene stellata (Starry Campion)

Silphium integrifolium (Rosinweed)

Silphium laciniatum (Compass Plant)

Silphium perfoliatum (Cup Plant)

Silphium terebinthinaceum (Prairie Dock)

Sisyrinchium angustifolium (Stout Blue-Eyed Grass)

Sisyrinchium campestre (Prairie Blue-Eyed Grass)

Sium suave (Water Parsnip)

Smilacina racemosa (False Solomon's Seal)


Smilacina stellata (Starry False Solomon's Seal)

Smilax ecirrhata (Upright Carrion Flower)

Smilax herbacea (Carrion Flower)

Smilax tamnoides var. hispida (Bristly Greenbrier)


Solanum carolinense (Horse Nettle)

Solanum dulcamara (Bittersweet Nightshade)

Solanum ptycanthum (Black Nightshade)

Solanum rostratum (Buffalo Bur)

Solidago sp. (Goldenrod)

Solidago caesia (Bluestem Goldenrod)

Solidago canadensis (Canada Goldenrod)

Solidago gigantea (Giant Goldenrod)

Solidago juncea (Early Goldenrod)

Solidago missouriensis (Missouri Goldenrod)

Solidago nemoralis (Field Goldenrod)

Solidago rigida (Stiff Goldenrod)

Solidago speciosa (Showy Goldenrod)

Solidago ulmifolia (Elm-Leaved Goldenrod)


Spigelia marilandica (Indian Pink)

Spiranthes casei (Case's Ladies' Tresses)

Spiranthes cernua (Nodding Ladies' Tresses)

Spiranthes gracilis (Slender Ladies' Tresses)

Spiranthes lacera (Slender Ladies' Tresses)

Spiranthes lucida (Yellow-Lipped Ladies' Tresses)

Spiranthes ochroleuca (Yellow Nodding Ladies' Tresses)

Spiranthes romanzoffiana (Hooded Ladies' Tresses)

Spiranthes vernalis (Spring Ladies' Tresses)

Spiraea alba (Meadowsweet)

Spiraea tomentosa (Steeplebush)

Stachys aspera (Hyssop Hedge Nettle)

Stachys palustris (Marsh Hedge Nettle)

Staphylea trifolia (Bladdernut)


Stellaria longifolia (Long-Leaved Stitchwort)

Stellaria media (Common Chickweed)

Stellaria pubera (Star Chickweed)

Stenanthium gramineum (Grass-Leaved Lily)


Strophostyles helvola (Trailing Wild Bean)

Strophostyles leiosperma (Small Wild Bean)

Stylisma pickeringii pattersonii (Patterson's Bindweed)

Stylophorum diphyllum (Wood Poppy)

Stylosanthes biflora (Pencil Flower)

Symphoricarpos albus (Snowberry)

Symphoricarpos occidentalis (Wolfberry)

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus (Coralberry)

Taenidia integerrima (Yellow Pimpernel)

Tamarix parviflora (Tamarisk)

Tanacetum vulgare (Tansy)

Taraxacum officinale (Dandelion)


Tephrosia virginiana (Goat's Rue)

Teucrium canadense (American Germander)

Thalictrum dasycarpum (Purple Meadow Rue)

Thaspium barbinode (Hairy-Jointed Meadow Parsnip)

Thaspium trifoliatum (Purple-Flowered Meadow Parsnip)

Thaspium trifoliatum var. flavum (Meadow Parsnip)

Thlaspi arvense (Field Pennycress)

Tilia americana (American Linden)

Tipularia discolor (Cranefly Orchid)

Tofieldia glutinosa (False Asphodel)


Tomanthera auriculata (Eared False Foxglove)

Torilis arvensis (Field Hedge Parsley)

Toxicodendron radicans (Poison Ivy)

Tradescantia ohiensis (Ohio Spiderwort)

Tradescantia subaspera (Zigzag Spiderwort)

Tradescantia virginiensis (Virginia Spiderwort)

Trichostoma brachiatum (False Pennyroyal)

Trientalis borealis (Star-Flower)

Trifolium arvense (Rabbit's Foot Clover)

Trifolium hybridum (Alsike Clover)

Trifolium pratense (Red Clover)


Trifolium reflexum (Buffalo Clover)

Trifolium repens (White Clover)

Trillium erectum (Red Trillium)

Trillium grandiflorum (Large-Flowered Trillium)

Trillium recurvatum (Prairie Trillium)

Trillium sessile (Sessile Trillium)


Triodanis perfoliata (Venus' Looking Glass)

Triosteum perfoliatum (Common Horse Gentian)

Triphora trianthophora (Three-Birds Orchid)

Ulmus americana (American Elm)

Ulmus rubra (Slippery Elm)

Uvularia grandiflora (Large-Flowered Bellwort)


Uvularia sessilifolia (Sessile-Leaved Bellwort)

Vaccinium angustifolium (Low-Bush Blueberry)

Vaccinium arboreum (Farkleberry)

Vaccinium macrocarpon (Large Cranberry)

Vaccinium myrtilloides (Canada Blueberry)

Vaccinium oxycoccos (Small Cranberry)

Vaccinium stamineum (Deerberry)

Valeriana edulis ciliata (Prairie Valerian)

Valerianella radiata (Corn Salad)

Verbascum thapsus (Great Mullein)

Verbena bracteata (Creeping Vervain)


Verbena hastata (Blue Vervain)

Verbena simplex (Narrow-Leaved Vervain)


Verbena stricta (Hoary Vervain)

Verbena urticifolia (White Vervain)


Verbesina alternifolia (Wingstem)

Verbesina encelioides (Golden Crownbeard)

Verbesina helianthoides (Yellow Crownbeard)

Vernonia baldwinii (Baldwin's Ironweed)

Vernonia fasciculata (Smooth Ironweed)

Vernonia illinoensis (Illinois Ironweed)

Veronica arvensis (Corn Speedwell)

Veronica hederaefolia (Ivy-Leaved Speedwell)

Veronica peregrina (Purslane Speedwell)


Veronica serpyllifolia (Thyme-Leaved Speedwell)

Veronicastrum virginicum (Culver's Root)

Viburnum dentatum deamii (Downy Arrowwood)

Viburnum opulus (Cranberry Bush)

Viburnum prunifolium (Blackhaw Viburnum)

Viburnum rufidulum (Southern Blackhaw)

Vicia americana (Purple Vetch)

Vicia carolina (Carolina Vetch)

Viola obliqua (Marsh Violet)

Viola pedata (Bird's Foot Violet)

Viola pedatifida (Prairie Violet)

Viola pubescens (Yellow Violet)


Viola sagittata (Arrow-Leaved Violet)

Viola sororia (Common Blue Violet)

Viola striata (Cream Violet)

Vitis riparia (Riverbank Grape)

Vitis vulpina (Frost Grape)


Waldsteinia fragarioides (Barren Strawberry)

Yucca glauca (Soapweed)

Zanthoxylum americanum (Prickly Ash)

Zea mays (Corn)


Zizia aurea (Golden Alexanders)