Flower-Visiting Insects
of Mullein Foxglove

Dasistoma macrophylla (Mullein Foxglove)
(bees suck nectar and/or collect pollen, flies and beetles feed on pollen, other insects suck nectar; observations are from Robertson, Hilty, Smith et al., and Wilhelm & Rericha as indicated below; long-tongued bees are the primary pollinators of this plant)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn cp (Rb, WR); Apidae (Bombini): Bombus bimaculatus sn cp (Rb, WR), Bombus griseocollis sn cp (WR), Bombus impatiens sn cp (Rb, WR), Bombus pensylvanicus sn cp fq (Rb, Smh), Bombus vagans sn cp fq (Rb); Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina calcarata sn cp (WR), Ceratina dupla sn cp (WR), Ceratina strenua sn cp (WR); Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Melissodes bimaculata bimaculata sn cp (Rb, WR); Anthophoridae (Xylocopini): Xylocopa virginica (Smh)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Augochlora pura cp (WR), Lasioglossum hitchensi cp (WR), Lasioglossum illinoense cp (WR), Lasioglossum imitatum cp (WR); Colletidae (Hylaeinae): Hylaeus affinis cp (WR), Hylaeus illinoisensis cp (WR)

Syrphidae: Milesia virginiensis fp np (Rb)

Pieridae: Pieris rapae sn np (Rb); Papilionidae: Papilio cresphontes sn np (H)

Hesperiidae: Poanes zabulon sn fq np (Rb)

Phalacridae: Olibrus semistriatus fp (WR)