Flower-Visiting Insects
of Black Raspberry

Rubus occidentalis (Black Raspberry)
(Short-tongued bees collect pollen or suck nectar; other insects suck nectar; most observations are from Robertson, otherwise they are from Reed and Krombein et al. as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera fq; Apidae (Bombini): Bombus griseocallis, Bombus pensylvanica; Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina sp. (Re); Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Synhalonia speciosa; Anthophoridae (Nomadini): Nomada affabilis fq, Nomada ovatus, Nomada superba superba fq; Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile brevis brevis; Megachilidae (Osmiini): Hoplitis pilosifrons, Osmia pumila

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Augochlorella striata sn cp (Rb, Re), Halictus confusus sn (Rb, Re), Halictus ligatus sn, Lasioglossum pectoralis (Re); Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena carlini sn cp, Andrena cressonii sn, Andrena rugosa (Kr)

Sphecidae (Crabroninae): Lestica confluentus; Vespidae (Eumeninae): Stenodynerus anormis

Tachinidae: Archytas aterrima

Nymphalidae: Chlosyne nycteis

Hesperiidae: Pholisora catullus, Polites peckius, Polites themistocles