Flower-Visiting Insects
of Self-Heal


Prunella vulgaris (Self-Heal)
(Also called All-Heal. Insects suck nectar primarily, although some bees also collect pollen, and beetle activity is unspecified; observations are from Robertson, Lewis, Macior, Swengel & Swengel, Costelloe, Smith et al., and Williams as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Bombini): Bombus griseocallis sn (Rb, Smh), Bombus impatiens fq sn cp (Rb), Bombus pensylvanicus sn fq (Rb, Smh), Bombus vagans sn fq (Rb, Mc, Cst); Anthophoridae (Anthophorini): Anthophora terminalis sn (Rb); Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina dupla dupla sn (Rb); Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Melissodes bimaculata bimaculata sn (Rb), Melissodes comptoides sn (Rb); Anthophoridae (Xylocopini): Xylocopa virginica fq (Smh); Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile mendica sn (Rb, Smh); Megachilidae (Osmiini): Hoplitis pilosifrons fq (Smh), Osmia conjuncta (Smh)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Augochlorella gratiosa (Smh), Augochlorella striata sn (Rb), Halictus confusus sn (Rb); Andrenidae (Panurginae): Calliopsis andreniformis sn (Rb)

Wasps
Scoliidae: Scolia bicincta sn (Rb)

Flies
Bombyliidae: Exoprosopa fasciata sn (Rb); Tachinidae: Archytas aterrima sn (Rb)

Butterflies
Lycaenidae: Lycaeides melissa samuelis sn (Sw); Pieridae: Colias philodice sn, Pieris rapae sn (Rb, Lw), Pontia protodice sn (Rb)

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Anatrytone logan sn (Rb), Ancyloxypha numitor sn (Rb), Polites peckius sn (Rb), Polites themistocles sn (Rb), Staphylus hayhurstii sn (Rb)

Beetles
Cantharidae:
Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus (Wms)


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