Flower-Visiting Insects
of Wild Lupine

Lupinus perennis (Wild Lupine)
(bees collect pollen or explore the flowers; flies feed on pollen or explore the flowers; wasps and butterflies explore the flowers & don't feed; observations are from Mitchell, Reed, Grundel & Pavlovic, Swengel & Swengel, and Grundel et al. as indicated below; only pollen is available as a floral reward)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera (Gnd); Apidae (Bombini): Bombus bimaculatus (Gnd), Bombus fervidus (Re), Bombus griseocollis (Gnd); Anthophoridae (Anthophorini): Habropoda laboriosus (Mch); Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina dupla (Gnd); Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Synhalonia atriventris (Mch), Synhalonia hamata (Re); Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile brevis brevis (Mch); Megachilidae (Osmiini): Hoplitis pilosifrons (Re), Osmia bucephala (Gnd), Osmia collinsiae (Mch), Osmia conjuncta (Mch), Osmia georgica (Mch), Osmia lignaria lignaria (Mch), Osmia pumila (Gnd)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Augochlorella aurata (Gnd), Lasioglossum callidum (Gnd), Lasioglossum floridanum (Gnd), Lasioglossum fuscipenne (Gnd), Lasioglossum mitchelli (Gnd), Lasioglossum oblongum (Gnd), Lasioglossum pictum (Re), Lasioglossum pilosum pilosum (Mch, Re), Lasioglossum vierecki (Gnd); Colletidae (Colletinae): Colletes thoracicus (Gnd); Colletidae (Hylaeinae): Hylaeus affinis (Re); Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena ceanothi (Gnd), Andrena cressonii (Gnd), Andrena wilkella (Re)

Vespidae: Polistes fuscatus exp (Re)

Syrphidae: Platycheirus sp. (Re); Bombyliidae: Villa sp. (Re)

Lycaenidae: Lycaeides melissa samuelis exp np (GP, Sw)