Flower-Visiting Insects
of Pussy Willow


Salix discolor (Pussy Willow)
(bees suck nectar or collect pollen, flies and beetles suck nectar or feed on pollen, while other insects suck nectar; gender of inflorescence is unspecified; observations are from Graenicher, Krombein et al., and Lovell as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn cp (Gr); Apidae (Bombini): Bombus edwardii sn (Gr), Bombus griseocollis sn (Gr); Anthophoridae (Nomadini): Nomada integerrima sn (Gr); Anthophoridae (Xylocopini): Xylocopa virginica sn (Gr); Megachilidae (Osmiini): Osmia atriventris sn (Gr), Osmia lignaria lignaria sn (Gr)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon melliventris sn (Gr), Augochorella persimilis sn (Gr), Augochloropsis sumptuosa sn (Gr), Halictus sp. (Gr), Halictus confusus sn (Gr), Lasioglossum connexus sn (Gr); Halictidae (Sphecodini): Sphecodes dichroa sn (Gr); Colletidae (Colletinae): Colletes inaequalis sn (Gr); Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena andrenoides andrenoides sn cp olg (Gr), Andrena erigeniae sn (Gr), Andrena erythrogaster sn cp olg (Gr), Andrena forbesii sn (Kr, Gr), Andrena frigida (Kr), Andrena illinoiensis sn cp olg (Gr), Andrena imitatrix imitatrix (Kr), Andrena mandibularis sn (Gr), Andrena mariae sn cp olg (Gr), Andrena miserabilis bipunctata sn (Gr), Andrena rugosa sn (Gr), Andrena sigmundi cp olg (Kr), Andrena vicina sn (Gr)

Wasps
Braconidae: Casinaria eupitheciae sn (Gr); Ichneumonidae: Amblyteles sp. sn (Gr), Dolichomitus irritator sn (Gr), Glypta sp. sn (Gr), Glypta varipes sn (Gr), Lissonota parva sn (Gr), Scambus hispae sn (Gr); Vespidae (Polistinae): Polistes fuscata sn (Gr)

Sawflies
Tenthredinidae: Dolerus sericeus sn (Gr), Dolerus unicolor sn (Gr), Pontania spp. sn (Gr)

Flies
Syrphidae: Brachypalpus cyanogaster (Gr), Eristalinus aeneus (Gr), Eristalis brousii (Gr), Eristalis dimidiatus (Gr), Eristalis tenax (Gr), Eupeodes americanus (Gr), Helophilus fasciatus (Gr), Melanostoma mellinum (Gr), Platycheirus obscurus (Gr), Syritta pipiens (Gr), Syrphus ribesii (Gr), Toxomerus geminatus (Gr), Toxomerus parvulus (Gr); Conopidae: Myopa vicaria sn (Gr); Phoridae: Borophaga clavata (Gr), Megaselia rufipes (Gr); Tachinidae: Gonia capitata (Gr), Siphona geniculata (Gr), Tachinomyia panaetius (Gr); Anthomyiidae: Delia platura (Gr), Phorbia spp. (Gr); Calliphoridae: Calliphora vicina (Gr), Lucilia illustris (Gr), Pollenia rudis (Gr); Muscidae: Helina parsura (Gr, 1900), Limnophora garrula (Gr), Neomyia cornicina (Gr); Sarcophagidae: Sarcophaga sarracenioides (Gr); Ephydridae: Elachiptera nigriceps (Gr), Ochthera mantis (Gr); Sepsidae: Sepsis vicaria (Gr); Piophilidae: Prochyliza xanthostoma (Gr); Lonchaeidae: Lonchaea polita (Gr); Scathophagidae: Scathophaga furcata (Gr)

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Nymphalis milberti sn (Gr), Vanessa atalanta sn (Gr)

Beetles
Chrysomelidae: Acalymma vittatum sn (Gr); Coccinellidae: Adalia bipunctata sn (Gr, Lv2); Curculionidae: Dorytomus brevicollis (Lv2), Smicronyx corniculatus sn (Gr); Scarabaeidae: Hoplia trifasciata (Lv2); Scirtidae: Cyphon variabilis (Lv2)

Plant Bugs
Lygaeidae: Unidentified sp. sn (Gr); Miridae: Adelphocoris superbus sn (Gr); Pyrrhocoridae: Dysdercus sp. sn (Gr)


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