Flower-Visiting Insects
of White Sweet Clover


Melilotus alba (White Sweet Clover) introduced
(Bees suck nectar primarily, although some bees also collect pollen as indicated below; other insects suck nectar (according to Robertson); butterflies, skippers, and moths are non-pollinating (according to Robertson); most observations are from Robertson, otherwise they are from Reed, Graenicher, Grundel & Pavlovic, Krombein et al., Swengel & Swengel, Mawdsley, and Williams as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn fq (Rb, Re); Apidae (Bombini): Bombus affinis (Re), Bombus auricomus sn, Bombus bimaculatus (Re), Bombus fervida (Re), Bombus fraternus sn, Bombus griseocallis sn fq, Bombus impatiens (Re), Bombus pensylvanica sn fq (Rb, Re), Bombus ternarius (Re), Bombus vagans (Re), Psithyrus variabilis sn; Anthophoridae (Anthophorini): Anthophora abrupta sn; Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina dupla dupla sn cp; Anthophoridae (Epeolini): Epeolus bifasciatus sn fq; Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Synhalonia speciosa sn; Anthophoridae (Nomadini): Nomada affabilis sn, Nomada articulata sn, Nomada superba superba sn fq; Anthophoridae (Xylocopini): Xylocopa virginica sn; Megachilidae (Coelioxini): Coelioxys octodentata sn fq, Coelioxys rufitarsis rufitarsis sn, Coelioxys sayi sn; Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile brevis brevis sn cp fq (Rb, Re), Megachile latimanus sn, Megachile parallela parallela sn, Megachile petulans sn; Megachilidae (Osmiini): Hoplitis pilosifrons sn cp; Megachilidae (Trypetini): Heriades carinatum (Kr), Heriades leavitti sn, Heriades variolosa variolosa (Kr)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon sericea sn, Agapostemon virescens sn, Augochlorella aurata sn, Halictus confusus sn, Halictus ligatus sn cp, Halictus parallelus sn, Halictus rubicunda sn cp, Lasioglossum albipennis sn cp, Lasioglossum cinctipes sn cp, Lasioglossum lineatulus (Re), Lasioglossum pectoralis sn, Lasioglossum pilosus pilosus sn (Rb, Re), Lasioglossum pruinosus sn, Lasioglossum versatus sn cp; Halictidae (Nomiinae): Nomia nortoni; Halictidae (Sphecodini): Sphecodes cressonii; Sphecodes dichroa sn fq; Colletidae (Colletinae): Colletes brevicornis (Kr), Colletes eulophi sn fq, Colletes kincaidii (Re, Kr), Colletes latitarsis sn (Rb, Kr), Colletes mandibularis (Kr), Colletes mitchelli (Kr), Colletes nudus (Kr), Colletes willistoni sn (Rb, Kr); Colletidae (Hylaeinae): Hylaeus mesillae (Kr); Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena alleghaniensis (Kr), Andrena forbesii (Kr), Andrena hippotes (Kr), Andrena integra (Kr), Andrena miranda (Kr), Andrena nigrifrons (Kr), Andrena sigmundi (Kr), Andrena spiraeana (Kr), Andrena virginiana (Kr), Andrena wilmattae (Kr); Andrenidae (Panurginae): Calliopsis andreniformis sn cp; Melittidae: Macropis steironematis sn fq

Wasps
Sphecidae (Bembicinae): Bembix nubilipennis, Bicyrtes ventralis, Stizoides renicinctus fq; Sphecidae (Craboninae): Lestica confluentus fq, Oxybelus emarginatus; Sphecidae (Larrinae): Tachytes distinctus; Sphecidae (Philanthinae): Cerceris sp. (Re), Cerceris bicornuta, Cerceris clypeata, Cerceris compacta, Cerceris finitima, Cerceris prominens, Philanthus ventilabris; Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Ammophila kennedyi, Ammophila nigricans, Ammophila pictipennis fq, Ammophila procera, Isodontia apicalis, Isodontia philadelphica, Prionyx atrata, Prionyx thomae, Sceliphron caementaria, Sphex ichneumonea, Sphex pensylvanica; Tiphiidae: Myzinum quinquecincta (Rb, Re), Tiphia vulgaris; Pompilidae: Anoplius americanus, Anoplius atrox, Anoplius illinoensis, Anoplius marginatus, Anoplius nigritus, Ceropales bipunctata fq, Ceropales elegans, Ceropales fulvipes, Entypus fulvicornis, Episyron biguttatus, Poecilopompilus algidus, Poecilopompilus interrupta; Vespidae: Polistes carolina fq, Polistes dorsalis fq, Polistes fuscata (Rb, Re); Vespidae (Eumeninae): Ancistrocerus adiabatus, Eumenes fraterna, Eumenes smithii, Euodynerus annulatus, Euodynerus foraminatus fq, Euodynerus megaera, Leionotus ziziae (Rb, MS), Monobia quadridens, Parancistrocerus fulvipes, Stenodynerus ammonia, Stenodynerus anormis fq, Stenodynerus histrionalis

Flies
Tabanidae: Chrysops striatus; Stratiomyidae: Stratiomys meigenii; Syrphidae: Allograpta obliqua, Eristalinus aeneus fq, Eristalis stipator, Eupeodes americanus, Helophilus latifrons, Platycheirus quadratus, Sphaerophoria contiqua, Syritta pipiens, Toxomerus marginatus (Re); Empididae: Empis clausa; Bombyliidae: Systoechus vulgaris (Gr); Conopidae: Physocephala texana, Physoconops brachyrhynchus fq, Stylogaster biannulata, Thecophora occidensis, Zodion americanum; Tachinidae: Archytas analis, Archytas aterrima, Belvosia bifasciata, Chetogena claripennis, Copecrypta ruficauda, Cylindromyia fumipennis fq, Gymnoclytia occidua, Linnaemya comta fq, Ptilodexia incerta (Re), Spallanzania hesperidarum, Winthemia quadripustulata; Sarcophagidae: Amobia aurifrons, Amobia floridensis, Helicobia rapax, Ravinia anxia, Senotainia rubriventris; Calliphoridae: Phormia regina; Muscidae: Morellia micans, Neomyia cornicina; Anthomyiidae: Hylemya sp. (Re)

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Danaus plexippus, Vanessa atalanta, Vanessa virginiensis; Lycaenidae: Celastrina argiolus, Lycaeides melissa samuelis fq (GP, Sw), Lycaena hyllus, Satyrium titus, Strymon melinus; Papilionidae: Papilio marcellus, Papilio polyxenes asterias; Pieridae: Colias sp. (Re), Phoebis sennae, Pontia protodice

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Epargyreus clarus, Polites themistocles

Moths
Sesiidae: Carmenta bassiformis

Beetles
Cantharidae:
Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus (Wms); Cerambycidae: Typocerus sinuatus; Cleridae: Trichodes nuttalli (Mwd); Curculionidae: Centrinaspis picumna, Odontocorynus scutellum-album fq; Mordellidae: Mordella marginata; Scarabaeidae: Trichiotinus piger

Plant Bugs
Lygaeidae: Lygaeus turcicus; Pentatomidae: Podisus maculiventris


Return