Flower-Visiting Insects
of Mild Water Pepper


Persicaria hydropiperoides (Mild Water Pepper)
(According to Robertson, insects suck nectar; some observations are from Krombein et al., Fothergill & Vaughn, and Williams as indicated below, otherwise observations are from Robertson)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera; Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina dupla dupla; Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile brevis brevis, Megachile mendica

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon sericea, Halictus confusus, Halictus rubicunda, Lasioglossum coriaceus fq; Colletidae (Colletinae): Colletes americana fq, Colletes eulophi, Colletes latitarsis, Colletes simulans armata fq; Colletidae (Hylaeinae): Hylaeus mesillae; Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena simplex (Kr), Andrena solidaginis

Wasps
Sphecidae (Astatinae): Astatus unicolor; Sphecidae (Craboninae): Anacrabro ocellatus, Crabro tumidus, Ectemnius rufipes, Ectemnius trifasciatus, Oxybelus emarginatus, Oxybelus uniglumis; Sphecidae (Larrinae): Ancistromma distincta fq, Tachytes aurulenta; Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Isodontia apicalis, Prionyx atrata, Prionyx thomae, Sceliphron caementaria, Sphex ichneumonea; Tiphiidae: Myzinum quinquecincta, Tiphia letalis; Philanthidae: Cerceris fumipennis, Cerceris kennicottii, Eucerceris zonata, Philanthus gibbosus, Philanthus ventilabris; Nyssonidae: Pseudoplisus phaleratus; Pompilidae: Anoplius lepidus, Ceropales maculata, Entypus fulvicornis, Episyron biguttatus, Poecilopompilus algidus, Poecilopompilus interrupta; Mutillidae: Dasymutilla macra; Chrysididae: Chrysis inaequidens, Chrysis nitidula, Hedychrum violaceum, Hedychrum wiltii, Holopyga ventrale; Vespidae: Polistes dorsalis, Polistes fuscata; Vespidae (Eumeninae): Ancistrocerus antilope, Euodynerus annulatus

Flies
Syrphidae: Eristalis anthophorina, Eristalis flavipes, Pargagus tibialis, Syritta pipiens, Tropidia quadrata fq; Bombyliidae: Systoechus vulgaris; Conopidae: Physoconops brachyrhynchus; Tachinidae: Archytas analis, Chaetogaedia analis; Sarcophagidae: Blaesoxiphia hunteri, Helicobia rapax, Ravinia derelicta; Calliphoridae: Cochliomyia macellaria, Phormia regina; Muscidae: Bithoracochaeta leucoprocta, Neomyia cornicina

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Libytheana carinenta sn (FV), Limenitis arthemis astyanax sn (FV), Phyciodes tharos sn (FV); Lycaenidae: Calycopis cecrops sn (FV), Celastrina argiolus sn (FV), Strymon melinus sn (FV); Pieridae: Eurema lisa sn (FV)

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Euphyes vestris sn (FV), Lerema accius sn (FV)

Beetles
Cantharidae: Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus (Rb, Wms); Chrysomelidae: Disonycha sp.; Coccinellidae: Coccinella novemnotata; Curculionidae: Listronotus caudatus


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