Flower-Visiting Insects
of Rattlesnake Master


Eryngium yuccifolium (Rattlesnake Master)
(Bees usually suck nectar, but sometimes collect pollen; other insects suck nectar; Rhipiphorid beetles lay eggs on the flowers [lgf] as their larvae are parasitic on some flower-visiting insects; most observations are from Robertson, otherwise they are from Mitchell, Moure & Hurd, Hilty, Grundel et al., and Williams as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn (Rb, Gnd); Apidae (Bombini): Bombus fraternus (Mch), Bombus griseocallis sn, Bombus impatiens sn (Rb, Gnd), Bombus pensylvanicus sn; Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina dupla dupla sn; Anthophoridae (Epeolini): Epeolus bifasciatus, Triepeolus lunatus lunatus; Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Melissodes coreopsis (Mch); Anthophoridae (Nomadini): Nomada texana sn; Megachilidae (Coelioxini): Coelioxys octodentata sn icp, Coelioxys sayi sn; Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile albitarsis (Mch), Megachile brevis brevis sn cp, Megachile mendica sn (Rb, Gnd), Megachile petulans sn (Rb, Gnd)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon sericea sn, Agapostemon splendens (Gnd), Augochloropsis metallica metallica sn, Augochloropsis sumptuosa (Mch), Halictus confusus sn, Halictus ligatus sn, Halictus parallelus sn, Halictus rubicunda sn, Lasioglossum admirandus (MH), Lasioglossum bruneri (MH), Lasioglossum cinctipes sn, Lasioglossum coreopsis (Mch), Lasioglossum forbesii sn, Lasioglossum imitatum sn cp (Rb, Gnd), Lasioglossum pectoralis sn, Lasioglossum pilosus pilosus sn, Lasioglossum versatus sn cp, Lasioglossum vierecki (Gnd); Halictidae (Nomiinae): Nomia nortoni nortoni sn; Halictidae (Sphecodini): Sphecodes cressonii sn, Sphecodes dichroa sn icp, Sphecodes stygius sn; Colletidae (Colletinae): Colletes ciliata sn; Colletidae (Hylaeinae): Hylaeus affinis sn, Hylaeus mesillae sn, Hylaeus modestus (Gnd); Andrenidae (Panurginae): Calliopsis andreniformis sn

Wasps
Sphecidae (Astatinae): Astata unicolor; Sphecidae (Bembicinae): Bembix americana, Bembix nubilipennis, Bicyrtes quadrifasciata, Bicyrtes ventralis, Stizoides renicinctus, Stizus brevipennis; Sphecidae (Crabroniae): Ectemnius decemmaculatus, Ectemnius rufifemur, Oxybelus emarginatus, Oxybelus mexicanus, Oxybelus uniglumis; Sphecidae (Larrinae): Tachysphex belfragei, Tachytes aurulenta, Tachytes distinctus; Sphecidae (Philanthinae): Cerceris bicornuta, Cerceris frontata, Cerceris fumipennis, Cerceris prominens, Eucerceris zonata fq, Philanthus gibbosus, Philanthus ventilabris; Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Ammophila kennedyi, Ammophila nigricans, Ammophila pictipennis icp, Eremnophila aureonotata, Isodontia apicalis, Prionyx atrata, Prionyx thomae, Sphex ichneumonea (Rb, H), Sphex nudus, Sphex pensylvanica; Vespidae: Polistes dorsalis fq, Polistes fuscata; Vespidae (Eumeninae): Ancistrocerus campestris, Eumenes fraterna, Eumenes smithii, Euodynerus annulatus, Euodynerus foraminatus, Monobia quadridens, Parancistrocerus vagus, Stenodynerus anormis icp; Sapygidae: Sapyga interrupta; Tiphiidae: Myzinum caroliniana, Myzinum quinquecincta; Scoliidae: Scolia bicincta, Scolia nobilitata; Mutillidae: Timulla vagans; Pompilidae: Anoplius americanus icp, Anoplius atrox, Anoplius lepidus, Ceropales elegans, Entypus fulvicornis, Poecilopompilus interrupta, Tachypompilus ferruginea; Leucospididae: Leucospis affinis

Flies
Tabanidae: Tabanus lineola; Stratiomyidae: Odontomyia cincta, Nemotelus glaber; Mydidae: Mydas clavatus, Mydas tibialis (Rb, H); Syrphidae: Allograpta obliqua, Eristalinus aeneus, Eristalis stipator, Eristalis tenax, Eristalis transversus, Milesia virginiensis, Orthonevra nitida, Paragus tibialis, Sphaerophoria contiqua, Syritta pipiens, Toxomerus geminatus, Toxomerus marginatus, Toxomerus politus; Conopidae: Physocephala texana, Physocephala tibialis, Physoconops brachyrhynchus, Thecophora occidensis, Zodion americanum, Zodion fulvifrons, Zodion obliquefasciatum; Tachinidae: Archytas analis, Belvosia bifasciata, Copecrypta ruficauda, Cylindromyia euchenor, Cylindromyia fumipennis, Gymnoclytia immaculata, Gymnoclytia occidua, Gymnosoma fuliginosum, Leskia similis, Phasia aeneoventris, Phasia fumosa, Phasia purpurascens, Phorantha asteris (Rb, MS), Phorantha magna (Rb, MS), Spallanzania hesperidarum, Trichopoda pennipes; Sarcophagidae: Ravinia stimulans, Senotainia rubriventris, Sphixapata trilineata; Calliphoridae: Calliphora splendida, Cochliomyia macellaria; Muscidae: Bithoracochaeta leucoprocta, Lispe consanguinea, Neomyia cornicina; Fanniidae: Fannia manicata

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Cercyonis pegala alope, Chlosyne nycteis, Danaus plexippus, Libytheana carinenta (H), Limenitis archippus, Limenitis arthemis astyanax (H), Phyciodes tharos, Speyeria idalia, Vanessa cardui (H); Lycaenidae: Everes comyntas, Lycaena hyllus, Strymon melinus; Pieridae: Colias philodice, Pontia protodice; Papilionidae: Battus philenor, Papilio troilus

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Pholisora catullus, Polites peckius, Polites themistocles

Moths
Sesiidae: Carmenta bassiformis; Ctenuchidae: Cisseps fulvicollis; Arctiidae: Utetheisa bella; Noctuidae: Spragueia leo, Tarachidia candefacta

Beetles
Cantharidae: 
Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus (Wms); Chrysomelidae: Cryptocephalus insertus; Curculionidae: Odontocorynus scutellum-album; Meloidae: Pyrota insulata, Zonitis vittigera; Rhipiphoridae: Macrosiagon limbata lgf, Rhipiphorus fasciatus lgf; Scarabaeidae (Cetonniae): Euphoria sepulcralis, Trichiotinus piger

Plant Bugs
Alydidae: Alydus eurinus; Lygaeidae: Lygaeus turcicus, Oncopeltus fasciatus


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