Flower-Visiting Insects
of Narrow-Leaved Vervain

Verbena simplex (Narrow-Leaved Vervain)
(Bees suck nectar or collect pollen, while other insects suck nectar; observations are from Robertson and Smith et al. as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Bombini): Bombus pensylvanicus (Smh); Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina dupla dupla (Rb); Anthophoridae (Epeolini): Epeolus minimus sn (Rb); Megachilidae (Coelioxini): Coelioxys octodentata sn (Rb); Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile brevis brevis fq (Rb), Megachile georgica (Smh), Megachile petulans (Smh); Megachilidae (Osmiini): Hoplitis pilosifrons (Smh), Osmia conjuncta (Smh)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Augochlorella aurata (Rb)

Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Ammophila pictipennis sn (Rb)

Hesperiidae: Epargyreus clarus sn (Rb)