Flower-Visiting Insects
of Narrow-Leaved Vervain


Verbena simplex (Narrow-Leaved Vervain)
(Bees suck nectar or collect pollen, while other insects suck nectar; observations are from Robertson and Smith et al. as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Bombini): Bombus pensylvanicus (Smh); Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina dupla dupla (Rb); Anthophoridae (Epeolini): Epeolus minimus sn (Rb); Megachilidae (Coelioxini): Coelioxys octodentata sn (Rb); Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile brevis brevis fq (Rb), Megachile georgica (Smh), Megachile petulans (Smh); Megachilidae (Osmiini): Hoplitis pilosifrons (Smh), Osmia conjuncta (Smh)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Augochlorella aurata (Rb)

Wasps
Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Ammophila pictipennis sn (Rb)

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Epargyreus clarus sn (Rb)


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