Flower-Visiting Insects
of Wild Strawberry


Fragaria virginiana (Wild Strawberry)
(Bees collect pollen or suck nectar, other insects suck nectar or feed on pollen; observations are from Robertson, Evans, Moure & Hurd, Mitchell, Grundel & Pavlovic, Krombein et al., MacRae, Swengel & Swengel, Grundel et al., and Lovell as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn (Rb); Apidae (Bombini): Bombus impatiens sn (Rb); Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina calcarata (Mch, Gnd), Ceratina dupla dupla sn cp fq (Rb, Ev, Gnd), Ceratina strenua (Gnd); Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Synhalonia speciosa sn (Rb); Anthophoridae (Melectini): Melecta thoracica sn (Rb); Anthophoridae (Nomadini): Nomada illinoiensis sn (Rb), Nomada lepida sn (Gnd), Nomada ovatus sn (Rb), Nomada parva sn (Mch), Nomada superba superba sn (Rb); Megachilidae (Coelioxini): Coelioxys octodentata sn (Rb); Megachilidae (Osmiini): Hoplitis pilosifrons (Ev), Osmia atriventris sn cp (Rb), Osmia conjuncta (Mch), Osmia georgica (Mch), Osmia illinoensis sn (Rb), Osmia lignaria lignaria (Mch), Osmia pumila sn cp (Rb)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon sericea (Mch), Agapostemon texanus texanus (Mch), Augochlora pura pura sn cp (Rb), Augochlorella aurata sn cp fq  (Rb, Gnd), Augochlorella striata sn cp (Rb), Augochloropsis metallica metallica (Mch, Ev), Halictus confusus sn cp fq (Rb, Ev), Halictus ligatus sn cp (Rb, Gnd), Halictus rubicundus (Mch, Ev), Lasioglossum bruneri (MH), Lasioglossum coreopsis (Mch), Lasioglossum imitatus (Mch), Lasioglossum obscurus (MH), Lasioglossum pectorale sn cp fq (Rb, Ev, Gnd), Lasioglossum perpunctatus (MH), Lasioglossum pilosus pilosus sn cp fq (Rb, Ev), Lasioglossum tegularis sn cp (Rb), Lasioglossum versatus sn cp fq (Rb); Halictidae (Sphecodini): Sphecodes cressonii sn (Mch), Sphecodes heraclei heraclei sn (Mch), Sphecodes stygius sn (Rb); Colletidae (Hylaeinae): Hylaeus affinis sn (Rb), Hylaeus mesillae sn (Rb, Gnd); Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena alleghaniensis (Kr), Andrena barbilabris sn (Rb), Andrena ceanothi (Gnd), Andrena crataegi (Ev), Andrena cressonii sn (Rb), Andrena forbesii sn (Rb, Kr), Andrena miserabilis bipunctata (Mch), Andrena melanochroa cp (Kr), Andrena nasonii sn fq (Rb), Andrena perplexa (Kr), Andrena personata (Mch), Andrena placida (Mch), Andrena sigmundi (Kr)

Wasps
Vespidae: Polistes fuscata (Rb)

Flies
Stratiomyidae: Nemotelus glaber (Rb); Syrphidae: Eristalis arbustorum (Rb), Eristalis transversus (Rb), Helophilus fasciatus (Rb), Orthonevra pictipennis (Rb), Paragus bicolor fq (Rb), Sphaerophoria contiqua (Rb), Toxomerus marginatus (Rb), Tropidia mamillata (Rb); Empidae: Rhamphomyia priapulus (Rb); Bombyliidae: Bombylius fascipennis (Rb); Conopidae: Myopa vesiculosa (Rb), Zodion fulvifrons (Rb); Tachinidae: Gymnosoma fuliginosum (Rb), Tachinomyia panaetius (Rb); Calliphoridae: Lucilia illustris (Rb), Lucilia sericata (Rb); Sarcophagidae: Helicobia rapax (Rb), Sarcophaga sinuata fq (Rb); Anthomyiidae: Delia platura (Rb); Fanniidae: Fannia manicata (Rb)

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Phyciodes tharos (Rb); Lycaenidae: Everes comyntas (Rb), Lycaeides melissa samuelis (GP, Sw); Pieridae: Colias philodice (Rb), Pieris rapae (Rb)

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Erynnis juvenalis (Rb), Pholisora catullus (Rb)

Moths
Noctuidae: Anagrapha falcifera (Rb)

Beetles
Buprestidae: Acmaeodera neglecta (McR); Curculionidae: Anthonomus robustulus (Lv2); Dermestidae: Cryptorhopalum triste (Lv2)


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