Flower-Visiting Insects
of Enchanter's Nightshade


Circaea lutetiana (Enchanter's Nightshade)
(Bees suck nectar or collect pollen; wasps and most flies suck nectar; some flies feed on pollen & are non-pollinating; observations are from Robertson)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Bombini): Bombus pensylvanica sn; Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina dupla dupla sn cp

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Augochlorella striata sn cp fq, Augochloropsis metallica metallica sn cp, Lasioglossum fuscipennis sn cp fq, Lasioglossum imitatus sn, Lasioglossum macoupinensis sn cp fq, Lasioglossum obscurus sn cp, Lasioglossum pectinatus sn cp, Lasioglossum pectoralis sn, Lasioglossum versatus sn cp fq

Wasps
Chalcididae: Conura debilis

Flies
Syrphidae: Allograpta obliqua sn, Ocyptamus fuscipennis sn, Toxomerus geminatus sn, Toxomerus marginatus sn; Bombyliidae: Anthrax oedipus fp np, Hemipenthes sinuosa fp np


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