Flower-Visiting Insects
of Common Milkweed


Asclepias syriaca (Common Milkweed)
(Insects suck nectar. Observations are from Robertson, Moure & Hurd, Betz, Krombein et al., Hilty, Swengel & Swengel, Grundel et al., Williams, Gosling, Voss, Stevens, and Wilhelm & Rericha as indicated below.)

With pollinia:

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Bombini): Bombus griseocollis sn (Rb); Anthophoridae (Anthophorini): Anthophora abrupta sn (Rb); Anthophoridae (Epeolini): Epeolus bifasciatus sn (Rb), Triepeolus remigatus sn (Rb); Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Florilegus condignus sn (Rb), Melissodes agilis sn (Rb), Melissodes comptoides sn (Rb), Melissodes tepaneca sn (Rb), Peponapis pruinosa sn fq (Rb), Synhalonia rosae sn (Rb), Synahalonia speciosa sn (Rb), Xenoglossa strenua sn (Rb); Megachilidae (Coelioxini): Coelioxys octodentata sn (Rb); Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile petulans sn (Rb), Megachile texana sn (Rb)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon sericeus sn (Rb), Halictus confusus sn (Rb), Halictus rubicundus sn (Rb); Halictidae (Sphecodini): Sphecodes ranunculi sn (Rb); Colletidae (Colletinae): Colletes latitarsis sn (Rb), Colletes nudus sn (Rb)

Wasps
Sphecidae (Bembicinae): Bembix nubilipennis sn (Rb), Stictia carolina sn (Rb); Sphecidae (Larrinae): Tachytes aurulenta sn (Rb); Sphecidae (Philanthinae): Cerceris bicornuta sn (Rb); Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Prionyx atratus sn fq (Rb), Prionyx thomae sn (Rb), Sphex ichneumoneus sn (Rb); Vespidae (Eumeninae): Euodynerus annulatus sn (Rb); Tiphiidae: Myzinum quinquecinctum sn (Rb); Scoliidae: Campsomeris plumipes sn (Rb), Scolia bicincta sn (Rb)

Ants
Formicidae (Formicinae): Formica pallidefulva sn (WR), Formica subsericea sn (WR)

Flies
Mydidae: Mydas clavatus sn (Rb); Syrphidae: Eristalis dimidiata sn (Rb), Mallota albipilis sn (Rb), Mallota bautias sn (Rb), Syritta pipiens sn (Rb), Tropidia mamillata sn (Rb), Tropidia quadrata sn (Rb); Conopidae: Physocephala texana sn (Rb); Tachinidae: Archytas analis sn (Rb), Belvosia bifasciata sn (Rb), Belvosia unifasciata sn (Rb), Linnaemya comta sn (Rb), Trichopoda plumipes sn (Rb); Muscidae: Helina rufitibia sn (Rb)

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Danaus plexippus sn (Rb), Nymphalis antiopa sn (Rb), Polygonia interrogationis sn (Rb), Speyeria cybele sn (Rb), Vanessa atalanta sn (Rb)

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Achalarus lyciades sn (Rb)

Moths
Sphingidae: Xylophanes tersa sn (Rb); Ctenuchidae: Cisseps fulvicollis sn (Rb)

Beetles
Lampyridae: Photinus pyralis sn (Rb)

Plant Bugs
Lygaeidae: Lygaeus turcicus sn (Rb), Oncopeltus fasciatus sn (Rb); Pentatomidae: Euschistus variolarius sn (Rb), Podisus maculiventris prd (Rb)

Without pollinia:

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Bombini): Bombus auricomus sn (Rb), Bombus pensylvanicus sn fq (Rb); Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Svastra obliqua sn (Rb); Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile brevis sn (Rb)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Augochloropsis metallica metallica sn (Rb)

Wasps
Sphecidae (Philanthinae): Cerceris clypeata sn (Rb); Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Sceliphron caementarium sn (Rb)

Flies
Culicidae: Aedes stimulans sn (Rb); Stratiomyidae: Odontomyia cincta sn (Rb); Bombyliidae: Anthrax sinuosa sn (Rb); Conopidae: Stylogaster biannulata sn (Rb); Tachinidae: Gymnoclytia occidua sn (Rb)

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Limenitis archippus sn (Rb), Speyeria idalia sn (Rb); Lycaenidae: Lycaena hyllus sn (Rb), Satyrium calanus sn (Rb); Pieridae: Colias philodice sn (Rb); Papilionidae: Battus philenor sn (Rb)

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Epargyreus clarus sn (Rb), Pholisora catullus sn (Rb), Polites peckius sn (Rb), Polites themistocles sn (Rb)

Pollinia Presence Unspecified:

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apini): Apis melliera sn fq (Btz, WR); Apidae (Bombini): Bombus affinis sn (WR), Bombus auricomus sn (WR), Bombus bimaculatus sn (WR), Bombus griseocollis sn (WR), Bombus impatiens sn (WR), Bombus pensylvanicus sn (Btz), Bombus vagans sn (WR), Psithyrus citrinus sn (WR); Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Peponapis pruinosa sn (WR); Anthophoridae (Xylocopini): Xylocopa virginica sn (WR); Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile campanulae sn (WR), Megachile latimanus sn (Stv, WR), Megachile mendica sn (Gnd, WR), Megachile montivaga sn (WR), Megachile pugnata sn (WR), Megachile texana sn (WR); Megachilidae (Osmiini): Hoplitis truncata sn (WR); Megachilidae (Trypetini): Heriades carinatus sn (Kr, WR)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Augochlorella aurata sn (WR), Augochlorella striata sn (MH), Halictus ligatus sn (WR), Lasioglossum anomalum sn (WR), Lasioglossum apocyni sn (WR), Lasioglossum ellisiae sn (WR), Lasioglossum floridanum sn (WR), Lasioglossum hitchensi sn (WR), Lasioglossum illinoense sn (WR), Lasioglossum imitatum sn (WR), Lasioglossum laevissimum sn (WR), Lasioglossum leucocomum sn (WR), Lasioglossum macoupinense sn (WR), Lasioglossum paradmirandum sn (WR) Lasioglossum paraforbesii sn (WR), Lasioglossum pilosum sn (WR), Lasioglossum smilacinae sn (WR), Lasioglossum tegulare sn (WR), Lasioglossum versatum sn (WR), Lasioglossum zephyrum sn (WR); Colletidae (Hylaeinae): Hylaeus affinis sn (WR), Hylaeus illinoisensis sn (WR), Hylaeus mesillae sn (WR), Hylaeus nelumbonis sn (WR)

Wasps
Sphecidae (Bembicnae): Bembix americana sn (WR); Sphecidae (Crabroninae): Oxybelus emarginatus sn (WR); Sphecidae (Philanthinae): Cerceris clypeata sn (WR); Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Eremnophila aureonotata sn (WR), Sphex ichneumoneus sn (Btz); Scoliidae: Campsomeris plumipes sn (WR); Vespidae (Vespinae): Vespula maculifrons sn (WR)

Ants
Formicidae (Dolichoderinae): Tapinoma sessile sn np (WR); Formicidae (Formicinae): Camponotus pennsylvanicus sn np (WR), Lasius alienus sn np (WR), Lasius neoniger sn np (WR), Prenolepis imparis sn np (WR); Formicidae (Myrmicinae): Crematogaster cerasi sn np (WR), Monomorium minimum sn np (WR), Myrmica fracticornis sn np (WR), Myrmica punctiventris sn np (WR), Pheidole bicarinata sn np (WR), Tetramorium caespitum sn np (WR)

Flies
Syrphidae: Toxomerus marginatus sn (WR), Tropidia quadrata sn (WR); Stratiomyidae: Nemotelus kansensis sn (WR), Odontomyia virgo sn (WR); Bombyliidae: Bombylius fraudulentus sn (WR); Conopidae: Physocephala tibialis sn (WR)

Butterflies
Papilionidae: Papilio glaucus sn (V, WR), Papilio polyxenes sn (WR); Nymphalidae: Danaus plexippus sn fq (V, WR), Speyeria aphrodite sn fq (V), Speyeria cybele sn fq (V, WR), Speyeria idalia sn (WR), Vanessa virginiensis sn (WR); Lycaenidae: Lycaeides melissa samuelis sn (Sw), Satyrium acadica sn (V), Satyrium calanus falacer sn (V, WR), Satyrium titus sn (V)

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Euphyes vestris metacomet sn (V), Polites peckius sn (V), Pompeius verna sn (WR)

Moths
Sesiidae: Melittia cucurbitae sn (H); Sphingidae: Amphion floridensis sn (WR), Hemaris diffinis sn (WR), Hemaris thysbe sn (WR), Hyles lineata sn (WR); Thyrididae: Thyris maculata sn (WR); Yponomeutidae: Atteva punctella sn (WR)

Beetles
Cantharidae:
Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus sn (Wms, WR); Cerambycidae: Clytus ruricola sn (Gsl), Trigonarthris minnesotana sn (Gsl), Trigonarthris proxima sn (Gsl), Typocerus octonotatus sn (WR), Typocerus velutinus sn (Gsl); Chrysomelidae: Acanthoscelides seminulum sn (WR), Chelymorpha cassidea sn (WR); Coccinellidae: Brachiacantha ursina sn (WR); Curculionidae: Centrinites strigicollis sn (WR), Dirabius rectirostris sn (WR), Geraeus picumnus sn (WR), Odontocorynus salebrosus sn (WR); Melyridae: Attalus terminalis sn fq (WR); Mordellidae: Hoshihananomia octopunctata sn (WR), Mordella atrata sn (WR), Mordella marginata sn (WR); Scarabaeidae: Hoplia modesta sn fq (WR), Popillia japonica sn gnw (WR, H), Trichiotinus viridans sn (WR)

Plant Bugs
Miridae: Lygus lineolaris sn (WR), Neurocolpus nubilus sn (WR), Plagiognathus fuscosus sn (WR), Plagiognathus politus sn (WR); Thyreocoridae: Corimelaena lateralis sn (WR)


Found dead or entrapped on flowers:

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apini): Apis mellifera dead np (Rb)

Flies
Tachinidae: Spallanzania hesperidarum dead np (Rb); Sarcophagidae: Ravinia anxia dead np (Rb); Muscidae: Neomyia cornicina dead np (Rb), Stomoxys calcitrans dead np (Rb)

Moths
Arctiidae: Haploa colona dead np (Rb); Noctuidae: Agrotis ipsilon dead np (Rb), Caenurgina erechtea dead np (Rb)


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