Flower-Visiting Insects
of Common Milkweed


Asclepias syriaca (Common Milkweed)
(Insects suck nectar or their activity is unspecified; most observations are from Robertson, otherwise observations are from Moure & Hurd, Betz, Krombein et al., Hilty, Swengel & Swengel, Grundel et al., Williams, and Gosling as indicated below)

With pollinia:

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Bombini): Bombus griseocallis; Anthophoridae (Anthophorini): Anthophora abrupta; Anthophoridae (Epeolini): Epeolus bifasciatus, Triepeolus remigatus; Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Florilegus condigna, Melissodes agilis, Melissodes comptoides, Melissodes tepaneca, Peponapis pruinosa pruinosa fq, Synhalonia rosae, Synahalonia speciosa, Xenoglossa strenua; Megachilidae (Coelioxini): Coelioxys octodentata; Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile petulans, Megachile texana

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon sericea, Halictus confusus, Halictus rubicunda; Halictidae (Sphecodini): Sphecodes ranunculi; Colletidae (Colletinae): Colletes latitarsis, Colletes nudus

Wasps
Sphecidae (Bembicinae): Bembix nubilipennis, Stictia carolina; Sphecidae (Larrinae): Tachytes aurulenta; Sphecidae (Philanthinae): Cerceris bicornuta; Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Prionyx atrata fq, Prionyx thomae, Sphex ichneumonea; Vespidae (Eumeninae): Euodynerus annulatus; Tiphiidae: Myzinum quinquecincta; Scoliidae: Campsomeris plumipes, Scolia bicincta

Flies
Mydidae: Mydas clavatus; Syrphidae: Eristalis dimidiatus, Mallota albipilis, Mallota bautias, Syritta pipiens, Tropidia mamillata, Tropidia quadrata; Conopidae: Physocephala texana; Tachinidae: Archytas analis, Belvosia bifasciata, Belvosia unifasciata, Linnaemya comta, Trichopoda plumipes; Muscidae: Helina rufitibia

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Danaus plexippus, Nymphalis antiopa, Polygonia interrogationis, Speyeria cybele, Vanessa atalanta

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Achalarus lyciades

Moths
Sphingidae: Xylophanes tersa; Ctenuchidae: Cisseps fulvicollis

Beetles
Lampyridae: Photinus pyralis

Plant Bugs
Lygaeidae: Lygaeus turcicus, Oncopeltus fasciatus; Pentatomidae: Euschistus variolaria, Podisus maculiventris prd

Without pollinia:

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Bombini): Bombus auricomus, Bombus pensylvanica fq; Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Svastra obliqua obliqua; Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile brevis brevis

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Augochloropsis metallica metallica

Wasps
Sphecidae (Philanthinae): Cerceris clypeata; Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Sceliphron caementaria

Flies
Culicidae: Aedes stimulans; Stratiomyidae: Odontomyia cincta; Bombyliidae: Anthrax sinuosa; Conopidae: Stylogaster biannulata; Tachinidae: Gymnoclytia occidua

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Limenitis archippus, Speyeria idalia; Lycaenidae: Lycaena hyllus, Satyrium calanus; Pieridae: Colias philodice; Papilionidae: Battus philenor

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Epargyreus clarus, Pholisora catullus, Polites peckius, Polites themistocles

Pollinia Presence Unspecified:

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis melliera (Btz) fq; Apidae (Bombinae): Bombus pensylvanica (Btz); Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile mendica (Gnd), Megachilidae (Trypetini): Heriades carinatum (Kr)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Augochlorella striata (MH)

Wasps
Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Sphex ichneumonea (Btz)

Butterflies
Lycaenidae: Lycaeides melissa samuelis (Sw)

Moths
Sesiidae: Melittia cucurbitae (H)

Beetles
Cantharidae:
Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus (Wms); Cerambycidae: Clytus ruricola (Gsl), Trigonarthris minnesotana (Gsl), Trigonarthris proxima (Gsl), Typocerus velutinus velutinus (Gsl)

Found dead or entrapped on flowers:

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera

Flies
Tachinidae: Spallanzania hesperidarum; Sarcophagidae: Ravinia anxia; Muscidae: Neomyia cornicina, Stomoxys calcitrans

Moths
Arctiidae: Haploa colona; Noctuidae: Agrotis ipsilon, Caenurgina erechtea


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