Flower-Visiting Insects
of Purple False Foxglove

Agalinis purpurea (Purple False Foxglove)
(bees collect pollen or suck nectar, the wasp sucks nectar, the flower fly feeds on pollen, beetles suck nectar or feed on pollen; Xylocopa virginica perforates the corolla [prf] to steal nectar, while Bombus impatiens sometimes steals nectar at the perforations [sn@prf] that are made by Xylocopa virginica; observations are from Robertson, Steury et al., and Wilhelm & Rericha as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Bombini): Bombus impatiens sn cp sn@prf (Rb, SDO, WR), Bombus pensylvanica sn cp fq (Rb); Anthophoridae (Ceratini): Ceratina dupla dupla (WR), Ceratina calcarata (SDO, WR); Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Melissodes bimaculata (WR), Melissodes boltoniae sn cp (Rb), Melissodes nivea sn cp (Rb); Anthophoridae (Xylocopini): Xylocopa virginica prf sn@prf np (WR); Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile brevis brevis sn cp (Rb), Megachile latimanus (WR), Megachile mendica (SDO, WR)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon sericeus (WR), Augochlora pura pura (WR), Halictus confusus (WR), Lasioglossum pilosum (WR), Lasioglossum timothyi (WR); Colletidae (Hylaeinae): Hylaeus affinis (WR), Hylaeus illinoisensis (WR)

Sphecidae (Philanthinae): Cerceris insolita sn (WR)

Syrphidae: Eupeodes americanus fp (WR)

Cantharidae: Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus (WR); Chrysomelidae: Diabrotica undecimpunctata (WR); Cleridae: Trichodes nuttalli (WR)