Flower-Visiting Insects
of Cowbane


Oxypolis rigidior (Cowbane)
(Short-tongued bees collect pollen or suck nectar; other insects suck nectar, except those that are predatory, as indicated below; most observations are from Robertson, otherwise they are Moure & Hurd, Graenicher, and Williams as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Halictus rubicunda sn, Lasioglossum admirandus (MH), Lasioglossum imitatus sn cp, Lasioglossum versatus sn cp; Halictidae (Sphecodini): Sphecodes dichroa sn; Colletidae (Hylaeinae): Hylaeus affinis sn, Hylaeus mesillae sn

Wasps
Sphecidae (Astatinae): Astata unicolor; Sphecidae (Bembicinae): Gorytes simillimus, Pseudoplisus phaleratus, Stizoides renicinctus; Sphecidae (Crabroninae): Ectemnius rufipes, Ectemnius trifasciatus, Lestica confluentus, Lindenius columbianus, Oxybelus emarginatus, Oxybelus mexicanus, Oxybelus packardii, Oxybelus uniglumis; Sphecidae (Larrinae): Ancistromma distincta, Lyroda subita, Tachysphex belfragei, Tachytes distinctus; Sphecidae (Philanthinae): Cerceris clypeata, Cerceris compacta; Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Chalybion californicus fq, Chlorion aerarius, Isodontia apicalis, Prionyx atrata, Sceliphron caementaria; Vespidae: Polistes carolina, Polistes fuscata; Vespidae (Eumeninae): Euodynerus foraminatus, Leionotus ziziae, Stenodynerus fundatiformis, Stenodynerus histrionalis; Pompilidae: Ageniella fulgifrons, Anoplius lepidus, Anoplius nigritus, Entypus fulvicornis, Evagetes ingenuus, Tachypompilus ferruginea; Tiphiidae: Myzinum quinquecincta, Tiphia intermedia, Tiphia letalis, Tiphia transversa; Scoliidae: Scolia bicincta; Mutillidae: Dasymutilla macra, Myrmosa unicolor, Timulla vagans; Chrysididae: Chrysis venusta, Hedychrum violaceum, Holopyga ventrale; Figitidae: Figites impatiens fq, Neralsia armatus, Prosaspicera albihirta; Eucoilidae: Pseudeucoila stigmata; Pteromalidae: Eutrichosoma mirabile; Chalcididae: Bruchophagus gibba; Leucospididae: Leucospis affinis; Perilampidae: Perilampus fulvicornis, Perilampus hyalinus; Ichneumonidae: Ceratogastra ornata fq, Ichneumon ambulatorius; Braconidae: Agathis simillimus, Apanteles crassicornis, Bracon apicatus, Cardiochiles abdominale, Chelonus sericeus, Meteorus areolatus, Microplites croceipes, Microplites gortynae, Monogonogastra fuscipennis, Opius gahani, Urosigalphus femoratus, Vipio rugator

Flies
Sciaridae: Sciara atrata; Syrphidae: Allograpta obliqua, Didea fuscipes (Gr), Eristalis arbustorum, Melangyna umbellatarum (Gr), Paragus bicolor, Platycheirus hyperboreus (Gr), Spilomyia longicornis, Syritta pipiens, Syrphus ribesii, Toxomerus geminatus, Toxomerus marginatus, Toxomerus politus; Empidae: Empis clausa; Pipunculidae: Chalarus spurius; Bombyliidae: Anthrax alternata (Gr); Conopidae: Physoconops brachyrhynchus, Zodion americanum; Tachinidae: Belvosia unifasciata, Chetogena claripennis, Clausicella geniculata, Cylindromyia dosiades, Gymnoclytia occidua, Gymnosoma fuliginosum, Euclytia flava, Myiopharus ancilla, Nemorilla pyste, Phasia aeneoventris, Phasia purpurascens, Spallanzania hesperidarum, Trichopoda pennipes; Sarcophagidae: Amobia aurifrons, Helicobia rapax, Ravinia anxia, Ravinia derelicta, Ravinia stimulans, Senotainia rubriventris, Sphixapata trilineata; Calliphoridae: Lucilia sericata; Muscidae: Limnophora narona, Lispe consanguinea, Morellia micans, Musca domestica, Neomyia cornicina; Anthomyiidae: Calythea pratincola, Delia platura; Tephritidae: Euraresta bella; Ephydridae: Ochthera lauta; Chloropidae: Apallates coxendix, Hippelates plebejus, Liohippelates flavipes fq, Liohippelates pusio, Olcella cinerea, Olcella trigramma; Milichiidae: Leptometopa latipes; Chamaemyiidae: Leucopis minor

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Limenitis archippus; Lycaenidae: Parrhasius m-album

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Polites themistocles

Beetles
Cantharidae: Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus (Rb, Wms); Chrysomelidae: Diabrotica cristata, Diabrotica undecimpunctata, Luperaltica nigripalpis, Sennius cruentatus; Coccinellidae: Cycloneda sanguinea, Hippodamia convergens; Curculionidae: Centrinaspis picumna; Lathridiidae: Melanophthalma americana; Meloidae: Epicauta cinereus, Epicauta pennsylvanica, Pyrota germari; Mordellidae: Mordella melaena, Mordellistena limbalis; Rhipiphoridae: Macrosiagon limbata; Scarabaeidae (Cetonniae): Euphoria sepulcralis

Plant Bugs
Lygaeidae: Oncopeltus fasciatus; Miridae: Lygus lineolaris, Plagiognathus obscurus; Anthocoridae: Orius insidiosus

Lacewings
Chrysopidae: Chrysoperla plorabunda prd np


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