Flower-Visiting Insects
of Pale Purple Coneflower


Echinacea pallida (Pale Purple Coneflower)
(Bees collect pollen or suck nectar; beetles feed on nectar or pollen; other insects suck nectar; some observations are from Robertson, otherwise they are from LaBerge, Clinebell, and MacRae as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn cp; Apidae (Bombini): Bombus auricomus sn, Bombus bimaculatus (Cl), Bombus griseocallis (Cl), Bombus pensylvanica sn (Rb, Cl), Bombus separatus sn, Psithyrus variabilis sn; Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina dupla dupla sn cp; Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Svastra obliqua obliqua (LB); Anthophoridae (Nomadini): Nomada affabilis sn, Nomada superba superba sn; Anthophoridae (Xylocopini): Xylocopa virginica sn; Megachilidae (Coelioxini): Coelioxys octodentata sn; Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile brevis brevis sn (Rb, Cl), Megachile mendica sn, Megachile montivaga sn, Megachile pugnatus sn

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon texanus texanus sn cp, Agapostemon virescens sn (Rb, Cl), Augochlorella aurata sn, Augochlorella striata sn, Halictus ligatus sn cp, Halictus rubicunda (Cl), Lasioglossum sp. (Cl), Lasioglossum pilosus pilosus sn, Lasioglossum pruinosus sn, Lasioglossum versatus sn cp; Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena beameri (Cl), Andrena helianthiformis fq cp olg (Cl); Andrenidae (Panurginae): Heterosarus albitarsis sn cp

Wasps
Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Ammophila nigricans

Flies
Tachinidae: Spallanzania hesperidarum

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Chlosyne nycteis, Danaus plexippus, Euptoieta claudia (Cl), Limenitis archippus, Speyeria cybele (Cl), Speyeria idalia fq (Cl), Vanessa atalanta, Vanessa virginiensis (Rb, Cl); Lycaenidae: Lycaena hyllus, Strymon melinus (Cl); Pieridae: Colias eurytheme (Cl), Colias philodice, Pontia protodice; Papilionidae: Papilio polyxenes asterias (Rb, Cl)

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Anatrytone logan (Cl), Epargyreus clarus (Cl), Euphyes vestris (Cl), Polites origenes fq (Cl), Polites peckius, Polites themistocles fq (Rb, Cl), Problema byssus (Cl)

Moths
Sphingidae: Hemaris thysbe

Beetles
Buprestidae: Acmaeodera ornata (McR); Cerambycidae: Typocerus sinuatus fp np; Elateridae: Limonius griseus (Cl)


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