Flower-Visiting Insects
of Pennsylvania Smartweed


Persicaria pennsylvanica (Pennsylvania Smartweed)
(According to Robertson, honeybees suck nectar and collect pollen, while other insect visitors suck nectar; most observations are Robertson, otherwise they are from Hilty, Moure & Hurd, and Williams as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn cp (Rb, H); Apidae (Bombini): Bombus griseocallis, Bombus impatiens fq, Bombus pensylvanica fq; Anthophoridae (Epeolini): Epeolus pusillus, Triepeolus donatus; Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Melissodes bimaculata bimaculata, Melissodes dentiventris; Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile brevis brevis, Megachile petulans

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon sericea, Augochlorella striata, Augochloropsis metallica metallica, Halictus confusus (MH), Halictus parallelus, Lasioglossum imitatus, Lasioglossum pilosus pilosus, Lasioglossum versatus; Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena asteris, Andrena simplex; Andrenidae (Panurginae): Calliopsis andreniformis fq

Wasps
Sphecidae (Bembicinae): Bicyrtes ventralis; Sphecidae (Crabroninae): Ectemnius continuus, Lestica confluentus; Sphecidae (Larrinae): Ancistromma distincta, Tachytes aurulenta, Tachytes distinctus; Sphecidae (Philanthinae): Cerceris clypeata, Eucerceris fulvipes, Eucerceris zonata; Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Ammophila nigricans, Chlorion aerarius, Prionyx atrata; Vespidae: Polistes annularis, Polistes carolina, Polistes fuscata, Vespula germanica fq, Vespula squamosa fq; Vespidae (Eumeninae): Ancistrocerus adiabatus fq, Ancistrocerus antilope fq, Ancistrocerus campestris; Tiphiidae: Myzinum quinquecincta; Scoliidae: Scolia bicincta; Pompilidae: Anoplius americanus, Anoplius illinoensis, Anoplius lepidus, Aporus niger, Entypus fulvicornis; Ichneumonidae: Ceratogastra ornata

Flies
Syrphidae: Eristalinus aeneus, Eristalis tenax, Eristalis transversus, Eupeodes americanus fq, Milesia virginiensis, Sphaerophoria contiqua, Syritta pipiens, Syrphus torvus, Toxomerus marginatus, Toxomerus politus, Tropidia quadrata; Bombyliidae: Sparnopolius confusus; Tachinidae: Archytas analis, Archytas aterrima fq, Belvosia unifasciata, Chaetogaedia analis, Gymnoclytia immaculata, Linnaemya comta, Paradidyma singularis, Plagiomima spinosula, Spallanzania hesperidarum; Sarcophagidae: Ravinia anxia, Ravinia derelicta, Senotainia rubriventris; Calliphoridae: Cochliomyia macellaria, Phormia regina; Muscidae: Graphomya americana, Neomyia cornicina

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Danaus plexippus (H), Vanessa atalanta; Lycaenidae: Lycaena hyllus; Pieridae: Colias philodice, Pieris rapae, Pontia protodice

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Polites themistocles

Moths
Ctenuchidae: Cisseps fulvicollis; Noctuidae: Helicoverpa zea

Beetles
Cantharidae: Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus (Rb, Wms)


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