Flower-Visiting Insects
of Leatherleaf

Chamaedaphne calyculata (Leatherleaf)
(bees suck nectar primarily, flies suck nectar or feed on pollen, and butterflies suck nectar; the flowers are pollinated primarily by bees; observations are from Small, Reader, and Voss; Celastrina argiolus corresponds to Celastrina ladon, the Spring Azure, in this case.)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn fq (Rd); Apidae (Bombini): Bombus spp. sn fq (Rd), Bombus affinis (Rd), Bombus bimaculatus fq (Rd), Bombus impatiens (Sm, Rd), Bombus perplexus fq (Rd), Bombus sandersoni (Sm), Bombus ternarius (Sm, Rd), Bombus terricola fq (Rd)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Augochlorella sp. (Rd), Lasioglossum sp. cp fq (Rd); Colletidae (Colletinae): Colletes inaequalis sn fq (Sm, Rd); Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena spp. sn cp fq (Rd), Andrena bradleyi sn fq (Sm), Andrena carlini sn fq (Sm), Andrena mandibularis sn (Sm), Andrena regularis sn (Sm), Andrena vicina sn fq (Sm, Rd)

Syrphidae: Eristalis sp. (Rd), Helophilus fasciatus (Sm), Melanostoma sp. (Sm), Sphaerophoria sp. (Sm), Volucella sp. (Rd); Bombyliidae: Bombylius sp. (Rd); Muscidae: Unidentified sp. (Rd), Spilogona fatima fq (Sm)

Lycaenidae: Celastrina argiolus sn (V)