Flower-Visiting Insects
of Water Hemlock


Cicuta maculata (Water Hemlock)
(Short-tongued bees collect pollen or suck nectar, other insects suck nectar, except those that are predatory, as indicated below; most observations are from Robertson, otherwise they are from LaBerge, Mitchell, Moure & Hurd, Graenicher, Krombein et al., Mawdsley, Lisberg & Young, and Williams as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn; Apidae (Bombini): Bombus auricomus sn, Bombus impatiens sn; Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Melissodes bimaculata bimaculata sn, Melissodes comptoides (LB); Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile brevis brevis sn, Megachile mendica (Mch), Megachile petulans sn, Megachile pugnatus sn

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon sericea sn, Agapostemon splendens (Mch), Agapostemon virescens sn, Augochlora purus purus sn, Augochlorella striata sn cp, Augochloropsis metallica metallica sn, Halictus confusus sn, Halictus ligatus sn cp, Halictus parallelus sn cp, Halictus rubicunda sn cp fq, Lasioglossum imitatus sn cp, Lasioglossum pectoralis (MH), Lasioglossum truncatus (MH), Lasioglossum versatus sn cp; Halictidae (Sphecodini): Sphecodes confertus sn (Mch), Sphecodes dichroa sn fq, Sphecodes stygius sn; Colletidae (Colletinae): Colletes eulophi sn, Colletes latitarsis sn, Colletes simulans armata sn; Colletidae (Hylaeinae): Hylaeus affinis sn, Hylaeus illinoisensis sn, Hylaeus mesillae sn, Hylaeus modestus modestus sn, Hylaeus saniculae sn; Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena fragilis (Kr)

Wasps
Sphecidae (Astatinae): Astata bicolor, Astata unicolor fq; Sphecidae (Bembicinae): Bembix americana, Bicyrtes quadrifasciata, Gorytes atricornis, Gorytes simillimus, Pseudoplisus phaleratus fq, Sphecius speciosus fq, Stizoides renicinctus, Stizus brevipennis fq icp, Synnevrus aurinotus, Synnevrus plagiatus; Sphecidae (Crabroninae): Anacrabro ocellatus fq, Ectemnius atriceps, Ectemnius continuus, Ectemnius decemmaculatus fq, Ectemnius lapidarius, Ectemnius rufifemur, Ectemnius rufipes, Ectemnius trifasciatus, Lestica confluentus, Lindenius columbianus fq, Oxybelus cressonii, Oxybelus emarginatus fq, Oxybelus laetus, Oxybelus mexicanus fq, Oxybelus niger, Oxybelus packardii fq, Oxybelus uniglumis fq, Notoglossa inornata; Sphecidae (Larrinae): Ancistromma distincta, Larra analis, Liris argentata fq, Lyroda subita fq, Tachysphex acuta, Tachysphex belfragei, Tachysphex terminata, Tachytes aurulenta fq, Tachytes chrysopyga, Tachytes distinctus fq, Tachytes pepticus; Sphecidae (Pemphredoninae): Pluto tibialis; Sphecidae (Philanthinae): Cerceris bicornuta, Cerceris clypeata, Cerceris compacta fq, Cerceris finitima, Cerceris fumipennis, Cerceris kennicottii, Eucerceris zonata, Philanthus gibbosus; Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Ammophila kennedyi, Ammophila nigricans, Chalybion californicus, Chlorion aerarius fq, Eremnophila aureonotata, Isodontia apicalis, Isodontia philadelphica, Prionyx atrata, Prionyx thomae, Sceliphron caementaria fq, Sphex ichneumonea, Sphex pensylvanica; Vespidae: Dolichovespula maculata, Polistes annularis, Polistes carolina, Polistes dorsalis fq, Polistes fuscata fq, Vespula germanica, Vespula squamosa, Vespula vidua; Vespidae (Eumeninae): Ancistrocerus adiabatus, Ancistrocerus campestris, Eumenes fraterna, Euodynerus annulatus, Euodynerus foraminatus fq, Leionotus scrophulariae (Rb, MS), Monobia quadridens, Pseudodynerus quadrisectus fq, Stenodynerus anormis; Sapygidae: Sapyga interrupta fq; Tiphiidae: Myzinum caroliniana, Myzinum quinquecincta fq; Scoliidae: Scolia bicincta fq, Scolia nobilitata; Pompilidae: Ageniella fulgifrons, Ageniella longulus, Anoplius americanus, Anoplius atrox, Anoplius illinoensis, Anoplius lepidus, Anoplius nigritus fq, Anoplius tenebrosus, Ceropales bipunctata, Ceropales elegans, Ceropales fulvipes, Ceropales maculata, Ceropales robinsonii, Cryptocheilus terminatus, Entypus fulvicornis fq, Entypus unifasciatus, Episyron biguttatus, Evagetes ingenuus, Poecilopompilus algidus, Poecilopompilus interrupta fq, Tachypompilus ferruginea; Mutillidae: Dasymutilla macra, Pseudomethoca frigida, Timulla vagans, Timulla sayi; Chrysididae: Ceratochrysis perpulchra, Chrysis montana, Chrysis venusta, Elampus hyalinus, Hedychridium dimidiatum, Hedychrum wiltii, Holopyga ventrale fq; Eucoilidae: Eucoila erythropus, Eucoila impatiens, Eucoilidea canadensis; Figitidae: Xyalophora quinquelineata; Chalcididae: Brachymeria ovata, Bruchophagus gibba; Leucospididae: Leucospis affinis; Perilampidae: Euperilampus triangularis, Perilampus hyalinus; Gasteruptiidae: Gasteruption tarsatorius; Ichneumonidae: Ichneumon ambulatorius; Braconidae: Alabagrus sanctus, Bracon mellitor, Crassomicrodus divisus, Microgaster gelechiae, Vipio rugator, Vipio vulgaris

Ants
Formicidae: Formica fusca

Flies
Sciaridae: Eugnoriste occidentalis, Sciara atrata; Mycetophilidae: Epicypta scatophora; Tabanidae: Chrysops striatus, Tabanus lineola; Stratiomyidae: Nemotelus glaber, Stratiomys meigenii, Stratiomys normula; Mydidae: Mydas clavatus, Mydas tibialis; Syrphidae: Allograpta obliqua, Epistrophe grossulariae (Gr), Eristalinus aeneus, Eristalis flavipes, Eristalis stipator, Eristalis tenax, Mallota albipilis, Mallota bautias (Gr), Orthonevra nitida icp, Paragus bicolor fq, Paragus tibialis, Platycheirus quadratus, Sphaerophoria contiqua fq, Syritta pipiens fq, Toxomerus geminatus, Toxomerus marginatus, Toxomerus politus, Trichopsomyia banksi, Tropidia quadrata; Bombyliidae: Exoprosopa fascipennis, Villa alternata (Gr); Scenopinidae: Scenopinus nubillipes; Conopidae: Physoconops brachyrhynchus, Thecophora occidensis, Zodion americanum; Tachinidae: Archytas analis, Archytas aterrima, Belvosia bifasciata, Belvosia unifasciata, Chetogena claripennis fq, Copecrypta ruficauda, Euclytia flava, Gnadochaeta clistoides, Gnadochaeta metallica, Gymnoclytia immaculata, Gymnoclytia occidua fq, Gymnosoma fuliginosum, Hystriciella pilosa, Linnaemya comta fq, Lydella radicis, Nemorilla pyste, Opsidia gonioides, Paradidyma singularis, Phasia aeneoventris, Phasia purpurascens fq, Spallanzania hesperidarum, Trichopoda lanipes, Trichopoda pennipes, Winthemia quadripustulata; Sarcophagidae: Amobia aurifrons fq, Blaesoxipha hunteri, Helicobia rapax, Ravinia anxia, Ravinia stimulans, Sarcophaga sinuata, Senotainia rubriventris fq, Sphixapata trilineata fq; Calliphoridae: Cochliomyia macellaria fq, Phormia regina; Muscidae: Graphomya americana, Limnophora narona, Morellia micans, Musca domestica fq, Mydaea urbana, Neomyia cornicina fq, Stomoxys calcitrans; Anthomyiidae: Calythea nigricans, Heterostylodes laevis; Fanniidae: Fannia manicata; Sepsidae: Sepsis violacea; Tephritidae: Euraresta aequalis; Chloropidae: Hippelates plebejus; Milichiidae: Leptometopa latipes

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Libytheana carinenta, Limenitis archippus, Phyciodes tharos, Speyeria cybele; Lycaenidae: Everes comyntas; Pieridae: Colias philodice; Papilionidae: Papilio marcellus

Moths
Ctenuchidae: Cisseps fulvicollis

Beetles
Cantharidae: Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus (Wms); Cerambycidae: Batyle suturale, Euderces picipes; Chrysomelidae: Diabrotica cristata, Diabrotica undecimpunctata, Sennius abbreviatus; Cleridae: Phyllobaenus pubescens (Mwd); Coccinellidae: Coccinella novemnotata, Scymnus consobrinus; Curculionidae: Centrinaspis picumna, Odontocorynus scutellum-album; Mordellidae: Mordella marginata, Mordella melaena, Mordella quadripunctata (LY); Meloidae: Epicauta atrata; Rhipiphoridae: Rhipiphorus fasciatus lgf

Plant Bugs
Thyreocoridae: Corimelaena pulicarius; Phymatidae: Phymata fasciatus prd np


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