Flower-Visiting Insects
of Yellow Coneflower


Ratibida pinnata (Yellow Coneflower)
(Bees collect pollen or suck nectar; flies feed on pollen or suck nectar; beetles feed on pollen; other insects suck nectar; observations are from Robertson, Graenicher, Moure & Hurd, Reed, MacRae, Smith et al., Tuell et al., and Williams as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn cp (Gr, Tll); Apidae (Bombini): Bombus auricomus (Re), Bombus centralis sn (Gr), Bombus fraternus sn fq (Rb, Smh), Bombus griseocollis sn cp fq (Gr, Re, Smh, Tll), Bombus impatiens fq (Tll), Bombus pensylvanicus (Smh), Bombus ternarius sn cp (Gr), Bombus vagans sn cp (Gr), Psithyrus citrinus sn (Tll); Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina calcarata/dupla (Tll); Anthophoridae (Epeolini): Epeolus bifasciatus sn fq (Rb), Triepeolus sp. sn (Re), Triepeolus concavus sn fq (Rb), Triepeolus cressonii cressonii sn fq (Rb), Triepeolus lunatus concolor sn fq (Rb, Tll), Triepeolus lunatus lunatus sn fq (Rb, Tll), Triepeolus pectoralis sn (Tll), Triepeolus remigatus sn fq (Rb, Tll); Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Melissodes spp. (Tll), Melissodes agilis sn cp fq (Rb, Gr), Melissodes bimaculata bimaculata sn fq (Rb, Smh), Melissodes boltoniae sn (Rb), Melissodes communis communis (Smh), Melissodes comptoides sn (Rb), Melissodes denticulata sn (Rb), Melissodes nivea sn (Rb), Melissodes rustica sn fq (Rb, Re), Melissodes subillata (Re), Melissodes trinodis sn cp (Rb, Gr), Svastra aegis (Smh), Svastra obliqua obliqua sn cp fq (Rb, Gr, Re), Svastra petulca petulca sn cp (Rb, Smh); Anthophoridae (Xylocopini): Xylocopa virginica sn (Gr, Smh, Tll); Megachilidae (Coelioxini): Coelioxys alternata alternata sn (Rb), Coelioxys modesta sn (Rb), Coelioxys octodentata sn (Rb); Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile albitarsis (Smh), Megachile brevis brevis sn fq (Rb, Re), Megachile centuncularis sn cp (Gr), Megachile inimica sayi sn fq (Rb), Megachile latimanus sn cp (Rb, Gr, Re), Megachile mendica sn cp (Rb, Gr), Megachile parallela parallela sn cp fq (Rb), Megachile policaris (Smh), Megachile pugnatus sn (Rb), Megachile texana (Smh), Megachile xylocopoides (Smh); Megachilidae (Osmiini): Hoplitis pilosifrons sn (Rb)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon sericea sn (Rb, Gr), Agapostemon texanus texanus sn cp (Rb), Agapostemon virescens (Re), Augochlorella aurata (Smh, Tll),
Augochlorella striata (Re), Augochloropsis metallica metallica sn (Rb), Halictus confusus sn cp (Gr, Re), Halictus ligatus sn cp fq (Rb, Gr, Re, Smh, Tll), Halictus rubicundus sn cp (Rb, Smh), Lasioglossum admirandum (Tll), Lasioglossum albipennis sn cp (Rb, Re), Lasioglossum connexum sn cp (Gr), Lasioglossum forbesii sn (Rb), Lasioglossum perpunctatum (Re), Lasioglossum pilosum (Re), Lasioglossum pruinosum sn (Rb), Lasioglossum rohweri (Re), Lasioglossum versatum sn cp (Rb); Halictidae (Nomiinae): Nomia nortoni nortoni (MH); Colletidae (Hylaeinae): Hylaeus affinis (Smh); Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena chromotricha sn cp (Gr), Andrena helianthiformis (Smh), Andrena rudbeckiae sn cp olg (Rb, Re); Andrenidae (Panurginae): Heterosarus albitarsis sn (Rb), Heterosarus nebrascensis (Re)

Wasps
Sphecidae (Bembicinae): Bembix americana (Rb, Gr, Re), Bembix belfragei (Re), Bembix nubilipennis fq (Rb), Bembix sayi (Re), Bicyrtes ventralis (Rb, Gr, Re) fq, Glenostictia pictifrons fq (Rb); Sphecidae (Crabroninae): Anacrabro ocellatus (Rb), Entomognathus texanus (Rb); Sphecidae (Philanthinae): Cerceris sp. (Re), Philanthus ventilabris (Re); Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Ammophila nigricans (Rb), Ammophila pictipennis (Rb), Prionyx atrata (Rb), Prionyx thomae (Rb); Vespidae: Polistes fuscata (Rb); Vespidae (Eumeninae): Euodynerus annulatus (Rb), Pterocheilus quinquefasciatus (Rb), Stenodynerus ammonia (Rb), Stenodynerus anormis (Rb), Stenodynerus fundatiformis (Rb)

Flies
Empidae: Empis clausa sn (Rb); Bombyliidae: Exoprosopa decora sn (Rb), Paravilla sp. (Re), Phthiria sp. (Re), Poecilanthrax sp. (Re), Sparnopolius confusus sn (Rb), Systoechus vulgaris sn (Rb); Syrphidae: Allograpta obliqua (Re), Eristalis tenax (Gr), Eristalis transversus (Gr, Re), Sphaerophoria contiqua (Re), Syritta pipiens (Gr), Syrphus sp. (Re), Toxomerus geminatus (Gr), Toxomerus marginatus (Gr, Re); Conopidae: Zodion sp. (Re), Zodion fulvifrons (Gr), Zodion obliquefasciatum sn fq icp (Rb); Stratiomyidae: Hedriodiscus binotata fp (Gr); Tachinidae: Gymnoclytia occidua sn (Rb); Muscidae: Musca autumnalis (Re); Milichiidae: Eusiphona mira sn fp (Rb, Gr)

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Limenitis archippus (Gr), Phyciodes tharos; Pieridae: Colias philodice (Gr); Lycaenidae: Everes comyntas (Rb), Strymon melinus (Rb)

Moths
Ctenuchidae: Cisseps fulvicollis (Re); Noctuidae: Tarachidia candefacta (Gr)

Beetles
Buprestidae: Acmaeodora pulchella fp fq (Rb, McR); Cantharidae: Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus fp (Gr, Re, Wms); Cerambycidae: Typocerus sinuatus fp np (Rb)

Plant Bugs
Miridae: Adelphocoris rapidus (Gr), Lygus lineolaris (Gr)


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