Flower-Visiting Insects
of Purple Prairie Clover


Dalea purpurea (Purple Prairie Clover)
(Bees collect pollen or suck nectar; flies and beetles suck nectar or feed on pollen; other insects suck nectar; observations are from Robertson, Petersen, Moure & Hurd,  Reed, Smith et al., and Williams as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn cp fq (Rb); Apidae (Bombini): Bombus affinis (Re), Bombus auricomus sn cp (Rb, Re), Bombus bimaculatus (Re, Smh), Bombus fervida (Pt, Re), Bombus fraternus sn cp fq (Rb, Smh), Bombus griseocallis sn cp fq (Rb, Re, Smh), Bombus impatiens sn cp fq (Rb, Re, Smh), Bombus pensylvanicus sn cp fq (Rb, Re, Smh), Bombus ternarius (Re), Bombus vagans (Re), Psithyrus variabilis sn (Rb); Anthophoridae (Anthophorini): Anthophora walshii sn (Rb); Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina cockerelli (Smh), Ceratina dupla dupla sn cp (Rb); Anthophoridae (Epeolini): Epeolus bifasciatus sn (Rb), Triepeolus concavus sn fq (Rb), Triepeolus lunatus concolor sn fq (Rb), Triepeolus lunatus lunatus sn (Rb), Triepeolus remigatus sn (Rb), Triepeolus simplex sn (Smh); Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Melissodes agilis sn (Rb, Re, Smh), Melissodes bimaculata bimaculata sn cp fq (Rb, Re, Smh), Melissodes communis communis sn cp fq (Rb, Smh), Melissodes comptoides sn fq (Rb), Melissodes denticulata sn (Rb), Melissodes illata (Re), Melissodes tepaneca sn cp fq (Rb), Melissodes trinodis sn (Rb), Svastra obliqua obliqua sn cp fq (Rb), Svastra petulca (Smh), Synhalonia speciosa sn cp (Rb), Tetraloniella albata sn fq (Rb, Smh); Anthophoridae (Xylocopini): Xylocopa virginica sn fq (Rb, Smh); Megachilidae (Anthidiniini): Anthidiellum notatum (Smh); Megachilidae (Coelioxini): Coelioxys alternata alternata sn (Rb), Coelioxys germana sn (Rb), Coelioxys octodentata sn fq (Rb), Coelioxys rufitarsis rufitarsis sn (Rb, Re), Coelioxys sayi sn (Rb); Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile brevis brevis sn cp fq (Rb), Megachile georgica (Smh), Megachile inimica sayi sn (Rb), Megachile latimanus sn cp fq (Rb, Re), Megachile parallela parallela sn (Rb), Megachile petulans fq (Smh), Megachile xylocopoides (Smh); Megachilidae (Osmiini): Hoplitis cylindricus sn cp fq (Rb), Hoplitis pilosifrons sn cp (Rb, Smh); Megachilidae (Trypetini): Heriades leavitti sn cp (Rb, Smh)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon sericea sn (Rb, Re), Agapostemon splendens sn (Rb, Re), Agapostemon texanus texanus sn (Rb, Re), Agapostemon virescens sn cp fq (Rb, Re), Augochlorella aurata sn cp fq (Rb, Smh), Augochlorella gratiosa fq (Smh), Augochlorella striata sn cp fq (Rb, Re), Augochloropsis metallica metallica sn cp fq (Rb, Re), Halictus confusus sn cp fq (Rb, Re), Halictus ligatus sn cp (Rb), Halictus parallelus sn cp fq (Rb, MH, Smh), Halictus rubicundus sn cp fq (Rb, Pt, Smh), Lasioglossum sp. (Re), Lasioglossum albipennis cp fq (Rb, Re), Lasioglossum cressonii (Re), Lasioglossum imitatum fq (Smh), Lasioglossum lineatulus (Re), Lasioglossum nymphaearum (Re), Lasioglossum paradmirandus (Re), Lasioglossum perpunctatus (Re), Lasioglossum pictus (Re), Lasioglossum pilosus pilosus sn cp (Rb, Re), Lasioglossum pruinosus sn (Rb), Lasioglossum rohweri (Re), Lasioglossum tegulare (Re, Smh), Lasioglossum versatus sn cp fq (Rb), Lasioglossum vierecki (Re); Halictidae (Nomiinae): Nomia nortoni nortoni sn (Rb); Colletidae (Colletinae): Colletes aberrans (Re), Colletes albescens sn cp olg (Rb), Colletes robertsonii sn cp olg fq (Rb, Smh), Colletes susannae cp olg (Re), Colletes wilmattae cp olg (Re); Colletidae (Hylaeinae): Hylaeus affinis (Re); Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena commoda (Re)

Wasps
Sphecidae (Bembicinae): Bembix americana (Rb), Bembix nubilipennis (Rb), Bembix sayi (Re); Sphecidae (Philanthinae): Cerceris bicornuta (Rb), Philanthus sanbornii (Re), Philanthus ventilabris (Rb, Re); Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Ammophila kennedyi (Rb), Ammophila nigricans fq (Rb), Ammophila pictipennis (Rb), Ammophila procera (Rb), Eremnophila aureonotata (Rb), Prionyx atrata (Rb, Re), Prionyx thomae (Rb), Sphex ichneumonea (Rb); Vespidae (Eumeninae): Eumenes fraterna (Rb); Tiphiidae: Myzinum quinquecincta fq (Rb, Re); Scoliidae: Campsomeris plumipes (Rb)

Flies
Syrphidae: Allograpta obliqua sn (Rb), Eristalis stipator sn (Rb), Eristalis tenax (Re), Eupeodes sp. (Re), Helophilus latifrons sn (Rb, Re), Neocnemodon sp. (Re), Sphaerophoria contiqua sn (Rb, Re), Syrphus sp. (Re), Toxomerus geminatus (Re), Toxomerus marginatus sn (Rb, Re), Tropidia quadrata sn (Rb); Bombyliidae: Exoprosopa fasciata sn (Rb), Systoechus vulgaris sn (Rb), Villa sp. (Re); Conopidae: Physocephala texana sn (Rb), Thecophora occidensis sn (Rb), Zodion obliquefasciatum sn (Rb); Sarcophagidae: Ravinia anxia sn (Rb)

Butterflies
Lycaenidae: Everes comyntas sn (Rb); Pieridae: Colias cesonia sn (Rb), Colias philodice sn (Rb)

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Pholisora catullus sn (Rb), Polites peckius sn (Rb), Polites themistocles sn (Rb)

Beetles
Cantharidae: 
Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus (Wms); Cerambycidae: Typocerus sinuatus sn (Rb); Chrysomelidae: Diabrotica sp. (Re), Diabrotica undecimpunctata sn (Rb); Meloidae: Epicauta atrata sn (Rb), Epicauta pennsylvanica sn (Rb)

Plant Bugs
Miridae: Adelphocoris rapidus (Rb); Pentatomidae: Euschistus ictericus (Rb)


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