Flower-Visiting Insects
of Watershield

Brasenia schreberi (Watershield)
(the honeybee collects pollen, while other insects feed on pollen; nectar is not available as a floral reward; the dioecious flowers of Watershield are mostly wind-pollinated; in this study, a shore fly was considered a secondary pollinator of the flowers, while other insects were non-pollinating; observations are from Osborn & Schneider in Texas)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera cp np

Ephydridae: Notiphila cressoni fp fq icp

Chrysomelidae: Donacia cincticornis fp np; Curculionidae: Perigaster cretura fp np