Flower-Visiting Insects and Birds
of Solomon's Seal


Polygonatum commutatum (Solomon's Seal)
(Hummingbirds suck nectar, while bees suck nectar or collect pollen; some observations are from Graenicher, otherwise they are from Robertson)

Birds
Trochilidae: Archilochus colubris sn (Rb, Gr)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Bombini): Bombus pensylvanica sn, Bombus vagans sn cp (Rb, Gr); Anthophoridae (Anthophorini): Anthophora abrupta sn cp, Anthophora ursina sn cp; Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina dupla dupla sn cp

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Augochlorella striata cp np, Lasioglossum forbesii sn (Gr), Lasioglossum macoupinensis sn cp (Gr)


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