Flower-Visiting Insects
of Philadelphia Fleabane


Erigeron philadelphicus (Philadelphia Fleabane)
(Also called Marsh Fleabane; bees collect pollen or suck nectar; flies and beetles feed on pollen or suck nectar; other insects suck nectar; observations are from Robertson, Graenicher, Petersen, Moure & Hurd, LaBerge, Krombein et al., Fothergill & Vaughn, Smith et al., and Williams as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn (Rb); Apidae (Bombini): Bombus fervidus (Pt), Bombus griseocallis sn (Rb), Bombus pensylvanicus (Smh); Anthophoridae (Anthophorinae): Exomalopsis asteris (Pt); Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina calcarata sn fq (Rb, Smh), Ceratina dupla dupla sn cp fq (Rb, Gr, Smh); Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Svastra obliqua obliqua (LB); Anthophoridae (Nomadini): Nomada spp. sn (Smh), Nomada articulata sn fq (Rb, Gr), Nomada cressonii sn (Rb), Nomada denticulata sn (Gr), Nomada rhodoxantha sn (Gr), Nomada sayi sn (Gr), Nomada seneciophila sn (Smh), Nomada subnigrocincta sn (Smh), Nomada superba superba sn (Rb); Anthophoridae (Xylocopini): Xylocopa virginica (Smh);
Megachilidae (Anthidiniini): Stelis lateralis sn fq (Rb, Gr, Smh), Stelis sexmaculata sn (Gr), Stelis subemarginata sn (Gr); Megachilidae (Coelioxini): Coelioxys moesta sn (Gr), Coelioxys sayi sn (Smh); Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile brevis brevis sn (Rb), Megachile centuncularis sn cp (Gr), Megachile mendica (Smh), Megachile petulans (Smh); Megachilidae (Osmiini): Hoplitis pilosifrons sn (Rb, Gr, Smh), Osmia atriventris sn cp (Gr), Osmia conjuncta (Smh), Osmia distincta sn (Gr), Osmia georgica sn cp fq (Rb, Smh);  Megachilidae (Trypetini): Heriades leavitti sn (Rb, Smh), Heriades variolosa variolosa (Kr)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Dufoureinae): Dufourea marginatus (Pt); Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon virescens sn cp (Rb, Gr), Augochlorella aurata sn cp (Rb), Augochlorella gratiosa (Smh), Augochlorella striata sn cp (Rb, Gr), Halictus confusus sn cp fq (Rb), Halictus ligatus sn cp fq (Rb, Gr, Pt, Smh), Halictus rubicunda (MH), Halictus sp. (Lasioglossum sp.) sn (Gr), Lasioglossum albipennis sn (Rb), Lasioglossum anomalis (Pt), Lasioglossum connexus (MH), Lasioglossum coriaceus sn cp (Rb, Gr), Lasioglossum cressonii sn cp (Gr), Lasioglossum forbesii (MH), Lasioglossum imitatus sn (Rb), Lasioglossum pectoralis sn cp fq (Rb), Lasioglossum pictus (MH), Lasioglossum pilosus pilosus sn cp (Rb), Lasioglossum tegularis sn cp (Gr), Lasioglossum versatus sn cp fq (Rb); Halictidae (Sphecodini): Sphecodes clematidis sn (Gr), Sphecodes cressonii sn (Rb), Sphecodes dichroa sn (Gr); Colletidae (Hylaeinae): Hylaeus affinis sn (Gr, Smh), Hylaeus mesillae sn (Rb, Gr), Hylaeus modestus modestus sn cp (Gr, Smh); Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena bisalicis (Smh), Andrena commoda sn cp (Gr), Andrena cressonii sn cp (Gr), Andrena faceta (Smh), Andrena fragilis sn (Gr), Andrena gardineri (Smh), Andrena imitatrix (Smh), Andrena mariae sn (Rb), Andrena microchlora (Smh), Andrena nigrifrons (Kr), Andrena personata fq (Smh), Andrena robertsonii sn (Gr), Andrena spiraeana (Kr); Andrenidae (Panurginae): Calliopsis andreniformis sn (Gr)

Wasps
Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Ammophila kennedyi (Rb, Gr), Isodontia philadelphica (Gr); Vespidae: Vespula germanica (Gr); Vespidae (Eumeninae): Ancistrocerus adiabatus (Gr), Ancistrocerus antilope (Gr), Ancistrocerus catskill (Gr), Euodynerus foraminatus (Rb), Stenodynerus ammonia fq (Rb), Stenodynerus anormis fq (Rb), Stenodynerus oculeus (Rb)

Flies
Syrphidae: Epistrophe emarginata (Gr), Eristalis transversus (Gr), Eupeodes americanus (Gr), Paragus bicolor (Rb), Paragus tibialis (Rb, Gr), Rhingia nasica (Gr), Sphaerophoria contiqua (Gr), Syritta pipiens (Gr), Syrphus ribesii (Gr), Toxomerus geminatus (Gr), Toxomerus marginatus (Gr); Bombyliidae: Aldrichia ehrmanii fp fq (Rb, Gr); Stratiomyidae: Nemotelus nigrinus (Gr), Odontomyia virgo (Gr); Conopidae: Thecophora occidensis (Rb), Zodion fulvifrons (Rb, Gr) fq; Tachinidae: Clausicella floridensis (Rb), Copecrypta ruficauda (Gr), Cylindromyia carolinae (Gr), Epigrimyia polita (Gr), Gymnoclytia immaculata (Rb, Gr), Gymnoclytia occidua fq (Rb), Leucostoma simplex (Rb), Periscepsia laevigata (Rb), Phasia purpurascens (Rb), Siphona geniculata (Rb); Calliphoridae: Calliphora vicina (Gr), Lucilia illustris (Gr); Sarcophagidae: Helicobia rapax (Rb, Gr), Ravinia anxia (Rb), Sarcophaga sinuata (Rb), Sphixapata trilineata (Gr); Muscidae: Hydrotaea sp. (Gr), Neomyia cornicina (Rb); Anthomyiidae: Calythea nigricans (Rb), Delia platura (Rb); Sciaridae: Sciara exigua (Gr)

Butterflies
Papilionidae: Eurytides marcellus (FV); Nymphalidae: Limenitis archippus (FV), Phyciodes tharos (Rb, FV); Lycaenidae: Calycopis cecrops (FV), Lycaena hyllus (Rb), Strymon melinus (FV); Pieridae: Eurema nicippe (Rb)

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Ancyloxypha numitor (Rb), Polites mystic (Gr), Polites peckius (Rb, Gr), Polites themistocles (Rb, Gr)

Moths
Geometridae: Lomographa vestaliata (Gr); Sesiidae: Cisseps fulvicollis (Rb)

Beetles
Cantharidae:
Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus (Wms), Rhagonycha dichrous fp np (Rb); Cerambycidae: Brachysomida bivittata (Gr); Chrysomelidae: Cryptocephalus quadruplex (Gr), Diabrotica undecimpunctata fp np (Rb); Cleridae: Trichodes apivorus (Gr); Mordellidae: Mordellistena comata (Gr); Scarabaeidae (Cetonniae): Trichiotinus piger fp np (Rb, Gr)

Plant Bugs
Miridae: Adelphocoris rapidus (Rb, Gr), Lygus lineolaris (Rb, Gr), Metriorrhynchomiris dislocatus (Gr), Plagiognathus sp. (Gr); Rhopalidae: Arhyssus lateralis (Rb)


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