Flower-Visiting Insects
of Missouri Gooseberry

Ribes missouriense (Missouri Gooseberry)
(Short-tongued bees & honeybees suck nectar, feed on pollen, or collect pollen; flies suck nectar or feed on pollen; other insects suck nectar; many of these insects are ineffective pollinators of the flowers, as indicated below; some observations are from Graenicher and Krombein et al. as indicated below, otherwise they are from Robertson)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn cp np fq; Apidae (Bombini): Bombus auricomus sn fq, Bombus bimaculatus sn, Bombus griseocallis sn, Bombus impatiens sn fq, Bombus pensylvanica sn fq (Rb, Gr), Bombus vagans sn (Rb, Gr); Anthophoridae (Anthophorini): Anthophora ursina sn; Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina dupla dupla sn (Gr); Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Synhalonia speciosa sn fq; Anthophoridae (Nomadini): Nomada cressonii sn (Gr), Nomada cuneatus sn np, Nomada denticulata sn np, Nomada illinoiensis sn np, Nomada luteola sn np fq, Nomada ovatus sn np, Nomada sayi sn np, Nomada sulphurata sn np; Megachilidae (Osmiini): Osmia lignaria lignaria sn np, Osmia pumila sn

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon sericea sn np, Augochlorella striata sn np (Rb, Gr), Augochloropsis metallica metallica sn np, Augochloropsis sumptuosa sn np, Halictus confusus sn (Gr), Halictus rubicunda sn fp np (Rb, Gr), Lasioglossum albipennis sn (Gr), Lasioglossum connexus sn (Gr), Lasioglossum coriaceus sn np, Lasioglossum cressonii sn np, Lasioglossum foxii sn fp np fq, Lasioglossum imitatus sn cp np, Lasioglossum macoupinensis sn (Gr), Lasioglossum zephyrus sn np; Halictidae (Sphecodini): Sphecodes clematidis sn (Gr); Colletidae (Colletinae): Colletes aestivalis sn (Rb, Kr); Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena carlini sn, Andrena cressonii sn cp (Gr), Andrena dunningi sn, Andrena forbesii (Kr), Andrena illinoiensis (Kr), Andrena imitatrix imitatrix sn (Rb, Kr), Andrena milwaukeensis sn cp (Gr), Andrena nivalis sn cp olg (Gr), Andrena pruni sn fq icp, Andrena rugosa sn, Andrena sayi sn fq

Vespidae (Eumeninae): Parancistrocerus pensylvanicus sn (Gr)

Bombyliidae: Bombylius major sn np; Syrphidae: Eupeodes americanus fp np (Gr)

Lycaenidae: Celastrina argiolus sn np; Papilionidae: Papilio marcellus sn

Sphingidae: Hemaris diffinis sn (Gr)