Flower-Visiting Insects
of Wild Quinine


Parthenium integrifolium (Wild Quinine)
(Bees collect pollen or suck nectar; beetles feed on pollen or suck nectar; other insects suck nectar; most observations are from Robertson, otherwise they are from MacRae and Lisberg & Young as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina dupla dupla sn cp; Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile montivaga cp; Megachilidae (Trypetini): Heriades leavitti sn cp, Heriades variolosa variolosa sn

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Augochlorella aurata sn cp fq, Augochloropsis metallica metallica sn, Halictus confusus sn cp, Halictus ligatus sn, Lasioglossum pilosus pilosus sn cp, Lasioglossum versatus sn cp fq; Colletidae (Hylaeinae): Hylaeus mesillae sn

Wasps
Sphecidae (Crabroninae): Lestica confluentus, Oxybelus emarginatus, Oxybelus mexicanus fq; Sphecidae (Philanthinae): Cerceris compacta, Cerceris rufopicta; Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Ammophila nigricans; Vespidae (Eumeninae): Leionotus ziziae (Rb, MS), Stenodynerus ammonia, Stenodynerus anormis, Stenodynerus histrionalis; Tiphiidae: Myzinum quinquecincta; Chrysididae: Hedychrum parvum; Braconidae: Vipio vulgaris

Sawflies
Argidae: Arge humeralis

Flies
Syrphidae: Eristalis arbustorum, Sphaerophoria contiqua, Syritta pipiens, Toxomerus geminatus, Toxomerus marginatus; Empidae: Empis clausa; Conopidae: Zodion fulvifrons; Tachinidae: Cylindromyia euchenor, Gymnoclytia occidua, Phasia purpurascens, Uramya pristis; Sarcophagidae: Blaesoxipha hunteri, Helicobia rapax, Senotainia rubriventris, Sphixapata trilineata fq; Muscidae: Neomyia cornicina, Stomoxys calcitrans; Anthomyiidae: Calythea nigricans, Calythea pratincola; Milichiidae: Pholeomyia indecora

Beetles
Buprestidae: Acmaeodera ornata (McR); Cerambycidae: Typocerus sinuatus sn fq; Chrysomelidae: Diabrotica cristata sn, Diabrotica undecimpunctata fp; Mordellidae: Mordella marginata (LY); Rhipiphoridae: Macrosiagon limbata lgf; Scarabaeidae (Cetonniae): Trichiotinus piger sn fp fq; Scraptiidae: Pentaria trifasciatus sn

Plant Bugs
Miridae: Adelphocoris rapidus, Lygus lineolaris fq; Thyreocoridae: Corimelaena pulicarius


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