Flower-Visiting Insects
of Marsh Hedge Nettle

Stachys palustris (Marsh Hedge Nettle)
(bees mostly suck nectar, although some bees collect pollen as indicated below; flies feed on pollen and are non-pollinating, otherwise they suck nectar; other insects suck nectar; butterflies, skippers, and moths suck nectar and are non-pollinating according to Robertson; observations are from Reed, Robertson, Swengel & Swengel, and Voss as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Bombini): Bombus auricomus sn (Rb), Bombus bimaculatus (Re), Bombus borealis (Re), Bombus fervida (Re), Bombus griseocallis (Re), Bombus impatiens sn (Rb), Bombus pensylvanica sn fq (Rb), Bombus perplexus (Re), Bombus vagans sn (Rb, Re); Anthophoridae (Anthophorini): Anthophora abrupta sn (Rb), Anthophora terminalis (Re); Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina dupla dupla sn (Rb); Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Melissodes bimaculata bimaculata sn fq (Rb); Anthophoridae (Nomadini): Nomada superba superba sn (Rb); Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile brevis brevis sn fq (Rb); Megachilidae (Osmiini): Hoplitis pilosifrons sn cp fq (Rb)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon virescens sn (Rb), Lasioglossum paradmirandus (Re), Lasioglossum versatus cp np (Rb); Colletidae (Hylaeinae): Hylaeus mesillae (Re); Andrenidae (Panurginae): Calliopsis andreniformis sn (Rb)

Syrphidae: Allograpta obliqua (Re), Sphaerophoria sp. (Re), Syrphus ribesii fp np (Rb), Toxomerus marginatus fp np (Rb, Re); Bombyliidae: Systoechus vulgaris sn (Rb)

Papilionidae: Papilio glaucus sn (V), Papilio marcellus sn np (Rb); Nymphalidae: Boloria selene sn (V), Phyciodes tharos sn (V), Speyeria aphrodite sn fq (V), Speyeria atlantis sn (V) Speyeria cybele sn (V); Lycaenidae: Lycaeides melissa samuelis sn (Sw)

Hesperiidae: Ancyloxypha numitor sn np (Rb), Polites peckius sn (V), Polites themistocles sn np (Rb)

Noctuidae: Autographa precationis sn np (Rb), Anagrapha falcifera sn np (Rb)