Flower-Visiting Insects
of Sharp-Lobed Hepatica

Hepatica acutiloba (Sharp-Lobed Hepatica)
(Bees collect pollen or explore the flowers in vain for nectar; flies feed on pollen or explore the flowers in vain for nectar; one observation is from Graenicher, otherwise they are from Robertson; Robertson thought the flowers of Hepatica offer nectar to insect visitors, but this is not correct)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera cp fq; Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina calcarata exp/cp

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Lasioglossum imitatus cp/exp, Lasioglossum versatus cp/exp; Colletidae (Colletinae): Colletes inaequalis cp/exp; Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena carlini cp/exp, Andrena erythronii cp/exp, Andrena mandibularis cp/exp, Andrena miserabilis bipunctata cp/exp, Andrena rugosa cp/exp fq, Andrena tridens cp/exp

Syrphidae: Brachypalpus oarus fp fq, Eristalis dimidiatus fp, Eupeodes americanus fp; Bombyliidae: Bombylius major exp/fp fq (Rb, Gr); Tachinidae: Gonia capitata fp/exp; Muscidae: Neomyia cornicina exp/fp fq; Anthomyiidae: Delia platura exp/fp