Flower-Visiting Insects
of Golden Alexanders


Zizia aurea (Golden Alexanders)
(Short-tongued bees collect pollen or suck nectar; long-tongued bees suck nectar primarily, although some also collect pollen; flies and beetles suck nectar or feed on pollen; other insects suck nectar; most observations are from Robertson, otherwise they are from Petersen, Moure & Hurd, Reed, Krombein et al., Clinebell, Grundel et al., Tuell et al., and Lovell as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn cp (Rb, Tll); Apidae (Bombini): Bombus auricomus sn, Bombus fraternus sn, Bombus griseocollis sn, Bombus impatiens sn, Bombus pensylvanicus sn, Bombus vagans sn; Anthophoridae (Anthophorinae): Exomalopsis asteris (Pt); Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina sp. (Re), Ceratina dupla dupla sn; Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Synhalonia speciosa sn; Anthophoridae (Nomadini): Nomada spp. sn (Re, Tll), Nomada affabilis sn, Nomada articulata sn, Nomada denticulata sn, Nomada ovatus sn, Nomada sayi sn, Nomada superba superba sn; Megachilidae (Osmiini): Hoplitis pilosifrons sn, Osmia atriventris sn cp, Osmia pumila sn; Megachilidae (Stelidini): Stelis lateralis sn

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon sericea sn, Agapostemon virescens sn, Augochlora pura pura sn, Augochlorella aurata sn cp fq (Rb, Tll), Augochlorella striata sn cp fq (Rb, Re), Augochloropsis metallica metallica sn, Halictus confusus sn cp fq (Rb, Re), Halictus ligatus sn cp fq (Rb, Re), Halictus parallelus sn, Halictus rubicundus sn fq, Lasioglossum admirandum (Tll), Lasioglossum albipennis sn cp (Rb, Re), Lasioglossum coreopsis sn, Lasioglossum coriaceum sn, Lasioglossum forbesii sn, Lasioglossum foveolatum (Gnd), Lasioglossum foxii sn, Lasioglossum imitatum sn cp fq (Rb, Re), Lasioglossum lineatulum (Re), Lasioglossum macoupinensis sn, Lasioglossum obscurum (MH), Lasioglossum pectorale sn (Rb, Re), Lasioglossum pictum (Re), Lasioglossum pilosum pilosum sn cp fq (Rb, Re), Lasioglossum pruinosum sn cp (Rb, Re), Lasioglossum rohweri (Re), Lasioglossum tegulare sn cp, Lasioglossum versatum sn cp fq, Lasioglossum vierecki (Re), Lasioglossum zephyrum sn, Paralictus platyparius sn, Paralictus simplex sn (MH); Halictidae (Sphecodini): Sphecodes sp. sn (Re), Sphecodes cressonii sn, Sphecodes dichroa sn, Sphecodes ranunculi sn; Colletidae (Colletinae): Colletes aestivalis sn fq (Rb, Kr), Colletes simulans armata sn; Colletidae (Hylaeinae): Hylaeus affinis sn fq (Rb, Re, Tll), Hylaeus illinoiensis (Re), Hylaeus mesillae sn icp (Rb, Re, Gnd, Tll), Hylaeus modestus modestus sn (Rb, Tll); Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena spp. (Tll), Andrena ceanothi (Gnd), Andrena crataegi sn cp fq (Rb, Re), Andrena cressonii sn cp fq (Rb, Re), Andrena erythrogaster (Re, Kr), Andrena forbesii sn (Rb, Kr), Andrena hippotes (Kr), Andrena illinoiensis sn (Rb, Kr), Andrena imitatrix imitatrix sn, Andrena miranda (Kr), Andrena nasonii sn, Andrena nigrae (Kr), Andrena nigrifrons (Kr), Andrena nuda sn, Andrena quintilis (Kr), Andrena rugosa (Kr), Andrena sayi sn, Andrena wilkella (Re), Andrena ziziae sn cp fq icp olg (Rb, Re, Kr, Cl)

Wasps
Sphecidae (Crabroninae): Ectemnius atriceps fq, Ectemnius continuus, Ectemnius decemmaculatus, Ectemnius lapidarius, Ectemnius rufipes, Ectemnius trifasciatus, Lestica confluentus fq, Oxybelus uniglumis; Vespidae: Polistes fuscata (Rb, Re); Vespidae (Eumeninae): Ancistrocerus adiabatus (Rb, Re), Ancistrocerus campestris, Ancistrocerus catskill (Re), Eumenes fraterna, Euodynerus foraminatus (Rb, Re), Euodynerus megaera, Leionotus scrophulariae, Leionotus ziziae,, Parancistrocerus perennis, Parancistrocerus vagus, Stenodynerus ammonia, Stenodynerus anormis fq, Stenodynerus histrionalis, Stenodynerus oculeus, Symmorphus albomarginatus; Pompilidae: Anoplius illinoensis, Anoplius marginatus (Re), Anoplius tenebrosus, Episyron biguttatus; Tiphiidae: Tiphia letalis; Chrysididae: Ceratochrysis perpulchra; Eucoilidae: Eucoilidea canadensis; Ichneumonidae: Campoplex sp. (Re), Exyston clavatus fq, Temelucha platynotae

Sawflies
Tenthredinidae: Pseudosiobla exavatus

Flies
Tabanidae: Chrysops sp. (Re); Scaridae: Sciara atrata; Bibionidae: Bibio albipennis albipennis; Simuliidae: Cnephia pecuarum; Stratiomyidae: Allognosta obscuriventris, Nemotelus glaber, Odontomyia pubescens (Re); Syrphidae: Cheilosia hoodiana, Chrysogaster antitheus, Eristalis arbustorum, Eristalis dimidiatus, Eristalis stipator, Helophilus fasciatus, Helophilus latifrons, Helophilus stipatus (Re), Orthonevra pictipennis, Paragus bicolor, Paragus tibialis, Sphaerophoria contiqua, Sphegina rufiventris, Syritta pipiens, Syrphus ribesii, Toxomerus marginatus, Tropidia mamillata; Empidae: Empis distans, Empis loripedis; Bombyliidae: Aldrichia ehrmanii; Conopidae: Thecophora occidensis, Zodion fulvifrons; Tachinidae: Cylindromyia fumipennis, Gymnoclytia sp. (Re), Gymnoclytia immaculata, Gymnoclytia occidua fq, Leucostoma simplex, Linnaemya comta, Lydella radicis, Paradidyma conica, Periscepsia laevigata, Phasia aeneoventris, Phasia purpurascens, Phorantha magna (Rb, MS), Siphona geniculata, Trichopoda pennipes; Sarcophagidae: Amobia aurifrons, Helicobia rapax, Sarcophaga sinuata; Muscidae: Caricea erythrocera, Morellia micans, Mydaea urbana, Neomyia cornicina; Calliphoridae: Lucilia illustris, Lucilia sericata, Phormia regina; Anthomyiidae: Adia cinerella, Botanophila inornata fq, Calythea nigricans, Delia platura; Fanniidae: Fannia manicata fq; Sepsidae: Sepsis violacea; Platystomatidae: Rivellia pallida; Chloropidae: Chlorops declinata, Chlorops proximus, Hippelates plebejus, Liohippelates flavipes, Meromyza americana, Olcella cinerea, Rhopalopterum soror, Thaumatomyia glabra; Agromyzidae: Melanogromyza aeneoventris

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Phyciodes tharos; Lycaenidae: Everes comyntas, Lycaena phlaeas americana; Pieridae: Colias philodice

Moths
Noctuidae: Anagrapha falcifera

Beetles
Cantharidae: Ancistronycha bilineata, Rhagonycha dichrous; Cerambycidae: Analeptura lineola (Lv2), Brachysomida bivittata; Chrysomelidae: Acalymma vittatum, Cerotoma trifurcata, Diabrotica undecimpunctata; Coccinellidae: Coleomegilla maculata, Cycloneda sanguinea; Curculionidae: Centrinaspis picumna, Centrinites strigicollis; Histeridae: Atholus americanus; Languriidae: Languria mozardi; Scarabaeidae (Scarabaeinae): Onthophagus pennsylvanicus

Plant Bugs
Miridae: Lygus lineolaris, Plagiognathus obscurus; Pentatomidae: Euschistus ictericus


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