Flower-Visiting Insects
of Bradbury's Bee Balm

Monarda bradburiana (Bradbury's Bee Balm)
(Hummingbirds, bee flies, butterflies, and skippers suck nectar; long-tongued bees usually nectar, but sometimes collect pollen; short-tongued bees usually collect pollen and are non-pollinating; wasps perforate the flowers and steal nectar; beetle activity is unspecified; most observations are from Robertson, otherwise they are from Clinebell and MacRae as indicated below; MacRae referred to this plant as Monarda russelliana)

Trochilidae: Archilochus colubris sn

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn fq; Apidae (Bombini): Bombus auricomus sn fq, Bombus bimaculatus sn cp (Rb, Cl), Bombus griseocallis sn fq (Rb, Cl), Bombus impatiens sn, Bombus nevadensis fq (Cl), Bombus pensylvanica sn fq; Anthophoridae (Anthophorinae): Anthophora abrupta sn fq, Anthophora terminalis sn, Anthophora ursina sn; Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): sn cp fq np; Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Synhalonia rosae sn, Synhalonia speciosa sn fq; Megachilidae (Coelioxini): Coelioxys sayi sn; Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile mendica sn; Megachilidae (Osmiini): Hoplitis pilosifrons (Cl)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Augochlorella aurata sn@prf np, Augochlorella striata cp fq np, Lasioglossum coriaceus cp np, Lasioglossum forbesii cp np, Lasioglossum macoupinensis cp np, Lasioglossum pectoralis cp np, Lasioglossum versatus cp np; Colletidae (Hylaeinae): Hylaeus modestus modestus fp np; Andrenidae (Panurginae): Heterosarus parvus cp fq np

Vespidae (Eumeninae): Euodynerus foraminatus prf sn@prf np

Bombyliidae: Bombylius atriceps sn fq

Nymphalidae: Speyeria cybele sn, Vanessa virginiensis sn; Papilionidae: Battus philenor sn, Papilio cresphontes sn, Papilio glaucus sn, Papilio troilus sn

Hesperiidae: Atrytonopsis hianna sn (Cl), Epargyreus clarus sn, Euphyes vestris sn, Poanes zabulon sn, Thorybes bathyllus sn, Thorybes pylades sn

Buprestidae: Acmaeodera tubulus (McR)