Flower-Visiting Insects
of Field Goldenrod


Solidago nemoralis (Field Goldenrod)
(Bees collect pollen or suck nectar, flies & beetles feed on pollen or suck nectar; other insects suck nectar; observations are from Robertson, Reed, Evans, Swengel & Swengel, Krombein et al., Steury et al., Grundel et al., and Williams as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn cp fq (Rb, Ev, SDO, Gnd); Apidae (Bombini): Bombus affinis (Re), Bombus auricomus sn (Rb), Bombus griseocollis (Re), Bombus impatiens sn (Rb, Ev, Re, Gnd), Bombus pensylvanicus sn (Rb), Bombus ternarius (Re), Bombus vagans (Re); Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina sp. (Re), Ceratina calcarata (SDO), Ceratina dupla dupla sn (Rb, Ev) fq; Anthophoridae (Epeolini): Epeolus scutellaris sn (Re), Triepeolus cressonii cressonii sn (Rb); Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Melissodes rustica (Re); Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile brevis brevis sn cp (Rb), Megachile latimanus (Re), Megachile mendica (Ev), Megachile pugnatus (Re); Megachilidae (Trypetini): Heriades leavitti sn cp (Rb)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon splendens (Gnd), Agapostemon virescens (Ev), Augochlorella aurata sn (Rb), Augochloropsis metallica metallica (Re), Augochloropsis sumptuosa (Re), Halictus ligatus sn (Rb), Halictus rubicundus (Ev), Lasioglossum illinoensis sn (Rb), Lasioglossum lineatulus (Re), Lasioglossum pectoralis sn (Rb, Ev), Lasioglossum pilosus pilosus (Ev, Re), Lasioglossum versatus sn cp fq (Rb), Lasioglossum vierecki (Re, Gnd), Paralictus platyparius sn (Rb); Halictidae (Sphecodini): Sphecodes sp. sn (Re); Colletidae (Colletinae): Colletes americana sn cp fq (Rb), Colletes compactus sn cp fq (Rb), Colletes eulophi sn cp (Rb), Colletes mandibularis (Re), Colletes simulans armata sn cp fq olg (Rb, Ev, Re); Colletidae (Hylaeinae): Hylaeus mesillae sn fq (Rb, Gnd), Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena accepta (Kr), Andrena asteris sn cp (Rb, Kr), Andrena hirticincta cp olg (Re), Andrena nubecula sn cp fq olg (Rb), Andrena placata cp olg (Re), Andrena simplex cp olg (Re, Kr); Andrenidae (Panurginae): Heterosarus andrenoides sn cp (Rb), Heterosarus compositarum sn (Rb), Heterosarus nebrascensis (Re)

Wasps
Sphecidae (Crabroninae): Ectemnius lapidarius (Re), Ectemnius rufifemur (Rb), Lestica confluentus fq (Rb), Oxybelus mexicanus (Rb); Sphecidae (Larrinae): Ancistromma distincta (Rb); Sphecidae (Pemphredoninae): Mimesa denticulata (Rb); Sphecidae (Philanthinae): Cerceris clypeata (Rb), Cerceris deserta (Re), Cerceris finitima (Rb), Cerceris kennicottii (Rb), Philanthus bilunatus (Re), Philanthus gibbosus (Rb), Philanthus politus (Re); Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Ammophila kennedyi (Rb), Ammophila pictipennis (Rb), Ammophila procera (Rb); Tiphiidae: Myzinum maculata (Re), Myzinum quinquecincta (Re); Vespidae: Polistes annularis fq (Rb), Polistes carolina (Rb), Polistes fuscata fq (Rb, Re), Vespula vidua (Re); Vespidae (Eumeninae): Ancistrocerus adiabatus (Rb, Re), Ancistrocerus catskill (Rb), Euodynerus foraminatus (Rb, Re), Stenodynerus anormis (Rb), Stenodynerus histrionalis (Rb); Pompilidae: Anoplius sp. (Re), Anoplius illinoensis (Rb), Anoplius marginatus (Rb), Aporus niger (Rb), Ceropales fulvipes (Rb), Ceropales maculata (Rb); Chrysididae: Ceratochrysis perpulchra (Rb); Braconidae: Chelonus sericeus (Rb, Re)

Flies
Syrphidae: Dasysyrphus venustus sn (Rb), Eristalis dimidiatus (Re), Eupeodes americanus sn fp (Rb), Sphaerophoria contiqua sn (Rb), Spilomyia longicornis sn (Rb), Syritta pipiens sn fp (Rb, Re), Toxomerus geminatus sn (Rb); Bombyliidae: Exoprosopa caliptera (Re), Sparnopolius confusus sn (Rb), Systropus macer sn (Rb); Conopidae: Thecophora occidensis sn (Rb); Tachinidae: Archytas aterrima sn (Rb), Gymnosoma fuliginosum sn (Rb), Lydina areos sn (Rb), Trichopoda pennipes sn (Rb), Xanthomelanodes arcuatus sn (Rb); Sarcophagidae: Amobia aurifrons sn fq (Rb), Blaesoxipha hunteri sn (Rb), Helicobia rapax sn (Rb), Ravinia anxia sn (Rb); Calliphoridae: Cochliomyia macellaria sn (Rb), Lucilia illustris sn (Rb), Lucilia sericata sn (Rb); Muscidae: Musca domestica sn (Rb), Neomyia cornicina sn (Rb), Stomoxys calcitrans sn (Rb); Chloropidae: Chlorops proximus sn (Rb); Tephritidae: Dioxyna picciola sn (Rb), Trupanea mevarna sn (Rb)

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Danaus plexippus (Rb); Lycaenidae: Lycaeides melissa samuelis (Sw); Pieridae: Colias sp. (Re), Colias philodice (Rb), Eurema lisa (Rb)

Moths
Arctiidae: Utetheisa bella (Rb); Ctenuchidae: Cisseps fulvicollis (Rb, Re); Noctuidae: Helicoverpa zea (Rb)

Beetles
Cantharidae: Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus sn (Rb, Wms); Cerambycidae: Megacyllene robiniae fp np (Rb); Chrysomelidae: Diabrotica longicornis sn (Rb); Coccinellidae: Coccinella novemnotata fp np (Rb); Meloidae: Epicauta pennsylvanica fp np fq icp (Rb)

Plant Bugs
Miridae: Lygus lineolaris (Rb); Lygaeidae: Lygaeus turcicus (Rb); Alydidae: Alydus pilosulus (Rb)


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