Flower-Visiting Birds & Insects
of Pickerelweed


Pontederia cordata (Pickerelweed)
(Bees suck nectar or collect pollen, while butterflies, skippers, & hummingbirds suck nectar; observations are from Hoffman & Molano-Flores, Robertson, Krombein et al., Hilton Pond Center, Bouseman et al., Grundel et al., and Harder & Barrett as indicated below)

Birds
Trochilidae: Archilochus colubris sn (HPC)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Bombini): Bombus bimaculatus (HPC, Gnd), Bombus borealis sn (HB), Bombus fervidus sn (HB), Bombus griseocallis sn (HB), Bombus impatiens sn (HB), Bombus pensylvanicus sn (HB), Bombus vagans sn (HB); Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina dupla (Gnd); Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Florilegus condigna sn (Rb), Melissodes apicata (HMF, HB) cp fq olg; Megachilidae (Osmiini): Hoplitis pilosifrons (Gnd), Megachile sp. (HB)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Dufoureinae): Dufourea novaeangliae (HMF, Kr, HB) cp olg; Halictidae (Halictinae): Lasioglossum callidum (Gnd), Lasioglossum macoupinense (Gnd); Halictidae (Nomiinae): Nomia nortoni nortoni (Kr); Andrenidae (Panurginae): Pseudopanurgus rugosus sn (Kr)

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Speyeria diana sn (HPC); Pieridae: Colias philodice sn (Rb)

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Unidentified sp. sn (HB), Amblyscirtes aesculapius sn (HPC), Anatrytone logan sn (BSW), Ancyloxypha numitor sn (BSW), Epargyreus clarus sn (HPC), Euphyes bimaculata sn (BSW), Euphyes dion sn (BSW), Euphyes dukesi sn (BSW), Panquina ocola sn (BSW), Poanes yehl sn (BSW), Poanes zabulon (HPC), Wallengrenia otho sn (BSW)

Moths
Sphingidae: Hemaris diffinis sn (HB)


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