Flower-Visiting Insects
of Alsike Clover


Trifolium hybridum (Alsike Clover) introduced
(Bees suck nectar or collect pollen, beetle activity is unspecified, other insects suck nectar; thick-headed flies, butterflies, & skippers are non-pollinating according to Robertson; observations are from Robertson, Swengel & Swengel, Grundel et al., and Williams as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn cp fq (Rb, Gnd); Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina dupla (Gnd); Anthophoridae (Epeolini): Epeolus interruptus sn (Rb); Anthophoridae (Nomadini): Nomada affabilis sn (Rb); Megachilidae (Osmiini): Hoplitis pilosifrons sn cp fq (Rb), Osmia conjuncta sn cp (Rb), Osmia cordata sn cp (Rb)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon virescens (Gnd), Augochlora pura (Gnd), Augochlorella aurata sn cp (Rb, Gnd), Halictus confusus sn cp (Rb), Halictus ligatus sn (Rb), Lasioglossum admirandum (Gnd), Lasioglossum coriaceum (Gnd), Lasioglossum mitchelli (Gnd), Lasioglossum versatum sn cp (Rb); Andrenidae (Panurginae): Calliopsis andreniformis sn (Rb)

Wasps
Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Prionyx atrata sn (Rb)

Flies
Conopidae: Zodion fulvifrons sn np (Rb)

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Chlosyne nycteis sn np (Rb); Lycaenidae: Lycaeides melissa samuelis sn fq (Sw), Lycaena hyllus sn np (Rb)

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Ancyloxypha numitor sn np (Rb)

Beetles
Cantharidae:
Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus (Wms)


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