Flower-Visiting Insects
of Bastard Toadflax


Comandra umbellata (Bastard Toadflax)
(Insect visitors usually suck nectar; most observations are from Robertson, otherwise they are from Swengel & Swengel and Grundel et al. as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera; Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Synhalonia speciosa; Anthophoridae (Nomadini): Nomada superba superba; Megachilidae (Osmiini): Osmia pumila

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Augochlora pura (Gnd), Halictus rubicundus, Lasioglossum acuminatum (Gnd), Lasioglossum albipennis, Lasioglossum tegularis, Lasioglossum versatus; Halictidae (Sphecodini): Sphecodes dichroa; Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena mariae, Andrena miserabilis bipunctata, Andrena sayi

Flies
Stratiomyidae: Odontomyia pubescens, Stratiomys normula; Syrphidae: Eristalis arbustorum fq, Eristalis dimidiatus, Helophilus latifrons, Sphaerophoria contiqua fq, Syritta pipiens, Tropidia mamillata; Tachinidae: Tachinomyia panaetius; Sarcophagidae: Boettcheria cimbicis, Ravinia anxia fq, Sarcophaga sinuata; Calliphoridae: Calliphora vicina fq, Calliphora vomitoria, Cynomya cadaverina fq, Lucilia illustris fq, Lucilia sericata fq, Phormia regina fq; Muscidae: Bithoracochaeta leucoprocta, Graphomya americana, Limnophora narona fq, Myospila meditabunda, Neomyia cornicina; Anthomyiidae: Delia platura fq; Sciomyzidae: Pherbellia parallela

Butterflies
Lycaenidae: Lycaeides melissa samuelis (Sw), Strymon melinus; Papilionidae: Papilio marcellus

Beetles
Cantharidae: Ancistronycha bilineata; Coccinellidae: Coleomegilla maculata


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