Flower-Visiting Insects
of Bird's Foot Violet


Viola pedata (Bird's Foot Violet)
(Bees usually suck nectar, but sometimes collect pollen; Syrphid flies feed on stray pollen [fsp] and are non-pollinating; other insects suck nectar; observations are from Robertson, Swengel & Swengel, and Grundel et al. as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn (Rb); Apidae (Bombini): Bombus griseocollis sn (Rb), Bombus impatiens sn (Rb), Bombus pensylvanicus sn fq (Rb); Anthophoridae (Anthophorini): Anthophora ursina sn cp fq (Rb); Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Synhalonia speciosa sn (Rb); Megachilidae (Osmiini): Osmia atriventris (Gnd)

Bees (short-tongued)
Colletidae (Colletinae): Colletes validus (Gnd)

Flies
Syrphidae: Eristalis stipator fsp np (Rb)

Butterflies
Lycaenidae: Lycaeides melissa samuelis sn (Sw); Pieridae: Colias philodice sn (Rb), Pieris rapae sn (Rb)

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Erynnis brizo sn (Rb), Erynnis icelus sn (Rb), Erynnis juvenalis sn (Rb)

Moths
Noctuidae: Anagrapha falcifera sn (Rb)


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