Flower-Visiting Insects
of Smooth Ironweed

Vernonia fasciculata (Smooth Ironweed)
(Also called Common Ironweed; bees collect pollen or suck nectar, beetle activity is unspecified, and other insects suck nectar; most observations are from Robertson, otherwise they are from LaBerge, Moure & Hurd, Reed, and Williams as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn; Apidae (Bombini): Bombus auricomus sn, Bombus bimaculatus (Re), Bombus griseocallis sn, Bombus pensylvanica sn fq, Bombus vagans (Re), Psithyrus variabilis sn fq; Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina sp. (Re), Ceratina dupla dupla sn cp; Anthophoridae (Epeolini): Triepeolus sp. sn (Re), Triepeolus concavus sn fq, Triepeolus nevadensis sn fq, Triepeolus remigatus sn; Anthophoridae (Emphorini): Ptilothrix bombiformis sn; Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Melissodes agilis sn, Melissodes bimaculata bimaculata sn, Melissodes comptoides (LB), Melissodes denticulata sn cp fq olg, Melissodes nivea sn fq, Melissodes trinodis (Re), Melissodes vernoniae sn cp fq olg, Svastra atripes atripes sn, Svastra obliqua obliqua sn cp fq; Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile inimica sayi sn, Megachile latimanus sn cp; Megachilidae (Trypetini): Heriades leavitti sn cp

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon sericea sn, Agapostemon virescens sn, Augochlorella striata (MH), Halictus ligatus cp, Lasioglossum sp. (Re), Lasioglossum imitatus (Re), Lasioglossum pilosus pilosus sn cp, Lasioglossum pruinosus sn cp, Lasioglossum versatus cp

Bombyliidae: Exoprosopa fasciata fq sn, Phthiria sp. (Re), Systoechus vulgaris sn, Systropus macer sn

Nymphalidae: Danaus plexippus, Speyeria cybele; Lycaenidae: Strymon melinus; Pieridae: Colias philodice, Phoebis sennae, Pieris rapae; Papilionidae: Papilio cresphontes, Papilio glaucus, Papilio polyxenes asterias, Papilio troilus

Hesperiidae: Epargyreus clarus, Euphyes vestris, Polites origenes, Polites peckius, Polites themistocles

Noctuidae: Faronta diffusa

Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus (Wms)