Flower-Visiting Insects and Birds
of American Germander


Teucrium canadense (American Germander)
(bees collect pollen or seek nectar; Syrphid flies suck nectar or feed on pollen; beetle activity is unspecified; hummingbirds & other insects suck nectar; most observations are from Robertson, otherwise they are from Mitchell, Moure & Hurd, Graenicher, Conger, and Williams as indicated below)

Birds
Trochilidae: Archilochus colubris sn

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn cp fq; Apidae (Bombini): Bombus affinis sn/cp (Cng), Bombus fervida sn/cp (Cng), Bombus fraternus sn, Bombus griseocallis sn fq, Bombus impatiens sn fq, Bombus pensyvlanica sn fq (Rb, Cng), Bombus vagans sn, Psithyrus variabilis sn; Anthophoridae (Anthophorini): Anthophora abrupta sn, Anthophora walshii sn; Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina dupla dupla sn np fq (Rb, Cng); Anthophoridae (Epeolini): Triepeolus concavus sn, Triepeolus lunatus concolor sn fq, Triepeolus simplex sn; Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Florilegus condigna sn cp fq, Melissodes sp. sn/cp (Cng), Melissodes agilis sn, Melissodes bimaculata bimaculata sn fq, Melissodes communis sn, Melissodes comptoides sn fq, Melissodes denticulata sn, Melissodes tepaneca sn, Melissodes trinodis sn, Svastra obliqua obliqua sn; Anthophoridae (Xylocopini): Xylocopa virginica sn/cp (Cng); Megachilidae (Coelioxini): Coelioxys germana sn; Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile brevis brevis sn cp fq, Megachile inimica sayi sn, Megachile latimanus sn/cp (Mch), Megachile mendica sn; Megachilidae (Osmiini): Hoplitis pilosifrons sn

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon sericea sn/cp (MH, Cng), Agapostemon splendens sn/cp (Cng), Agapostemon virescens sn, Augochlora purus purus sn np, Augochlorella striata sn np, Halictus rubicunda sn; Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena carlini sn/cp (Cng)

Wasps
Scoliidae: Campsomeris plumipes sn (Cng); Sphecidae (Bembicinae): Bembix nubilipennis sn; Vespidae (Eumeninae): Euodynerus foraminatus sn (Cng)

Flies
Syrphidae: Allograpta obliqua sn/fp (Cng), Eristalis tenax sn/fp (Cng), Eupeodes americanus sn/fp (Cng), Syritta pipiens sn/fp (Cng); Bombyliidae: Exoprosopa fasciata sn, Exoprosopa fascipennis sn, Systoechus vulgaris sn (Rb, Gr); Conopidae: Physocephala texana sn, Stylogaster biannulata sn

Butterflies
Lycaenidae: Everes comyntas sn; Pieridae: Colias philodice sn, Pieris rapae sn (Cng); Papilionidae: Battus philenor sn (Rb, Cng)

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Anatrytone logan sn, Epargyreus clarus sn (Cng), Polites peckius sn

Moths
Sphingidae: Hemaris diffinis sn

Beetles
Cantharidae:
Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus (Wms)


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