Flower-Visiting Insects and Birds
of Swamp Milkweed


Asclepias incarnata (Swamp Milkweed)
(Insects and hummingbirds suck nectar; most observations are from Robertson, otherwise they are from Betz, LaBerge, Grundel & Pavlovic, Hilty, Tuell et al., and Williams as indicated below)

With pollinia:

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera fq; Apidae (Bombini): Bombus auricomus fq, Bombus fraternus fq, Bombus griseocallis fq, Bombus impatiens, Bombus pensylvanica, Bombus vagans, Psithyrus citrinus; Anthophoridae (Emphorini): Melitoma taurea; Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Melissodes comptoides, Melissodes trinodis, Svastra atripes atripes

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Augochlorella aurata, Augochloropsis metallica metallica fq, Halictus confusus, Halictus rubicundus, Lasioglossum coriaceum; Colletidae (Colletinae): Colletes latitarsis

Wasps
Sphecidae (Bembicinae): Bembix americana, Bembix nubilipennis fq, Sphecius speciosus fq, Stictia carolina, Stizus brevipennis; Sphecidae (Crabroninae): Ectemnius rufifemur, Oxybelus packardii; Sphecidae (Larrinae): Pseudoplisus phaleratus, Tachytes aurulenta fq, Tachytes distinctus, Tachytes pepticus; Sphecidae (Philanthinae): Cerceris bicornuta fq, Cerceris clypeata, Cerceris compacta, Cerceris finitima, Cerceris fumipennis; Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Isodontia apicalis, Isodontia philadelphica, Prionyx atrata fq, Prionyx thomae fq, Sceliphron caementaria, Sphex ichneumonea fq, Sphex nudus, Sphex pensylvanica fq; Vespidae: Dolichovespula maculata, Polistes fuscata, Polistes rubiginosus, Vespula germanica, Vespula squamosa fq, Vespula vidua; Vespidae (Eumeninae): Euodynerus annulatus; Sapygidae: Sapyga interrupta; Tiphiidae: Myzinum quinquecincta fq; Scoliidae: Scolia bicincta; Pompilidae: Ageniella acceptus, Anoplius atrox, Entypus unifasciatus, Episyron biguttatus, Tachypompilus ferruginea

Flies
Stratiomyidae: Stratiomys meigenii; Mydidae: Mydas clavatus, Mydas tibialis; Conopidae: Physocephala tibialis, Physoconops brachyrhynchus fq; Tachinidae: Gymnoclytia occidua, Panzeria aldrichi, Trichopoda lanipes

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Danaus plexippus, Libytheana carinenta, Speyeria cybele, Speyeria idalia, Vanessa atalanta; Pieridae: Colias philodice, Pieris rapae; Papilionidae: Battus philenor, Papilio cresphontes, Papilio glaucus, Papilio polyxenes asterias, Papilio troilus

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Achalarus lyciades, Polites themistocles

Beetles
Cantharidae: Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus; Scarabaeidae (Cetonniae): Euphoria sepulcralis, Trichiotinus piger

Plant Bugs
Lygaeidae: Lygaeus turcicus, Oncopeltus fasciatus

Without pollinia:

Birds
Trochilidae: Archilochus colubris

Bees (long-tongued)
Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile brevis brevis

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Lasioglossum versatum

Wasps
Sphecidae (Crabroninae): Oxybelus emarginatus; Vespidae (Eumeninae): Eumenes fraterna; Pompilidae: Entypus fulvicornis

Flies
Bombyliidae: Sparnopolius confusus; Conopidae: Physoconops brachyrrhinchus, Stylogaster biannulata; Tachinidae: Gnadochaeta globosa, Gnadochaeta metallica, Masiphya brasiliana, Opsidia gonioides, Spallanzania hespidarum; Sarcophagidae: Gymnoprosopa polita

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Phyciodes tharos; Lycaenidae: Strymon melinus

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Epargyreus clarus, Pholisora catullus, Polites peckius, Pompeius verna

Moths
Ctenuchidae: Cisseps fulvicollis

Beetles
Buprestidae: Acmaeodera pulchella; Cerambycidae: Tetraopes tetrophthalmus; Meloidae: Epicauta vittata fq


Pollinia Presence Unspecified:


Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera fq (Btz, Tll); Apidae (Bombinae): Bombus auricomus (Btz), Bombus griseocollis (Btz, Tll); Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Svastra obliqua obliqua (LB); Anthophoridae (Xylocopini): Xylocopa virginica fq (Tll); Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile latimanus (Btz)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Lasioglossum spp. (Tll), Lasioglossum admirandum (Tll); Colletidae (Hylaeinae): Hylaeus affinis (Tll); Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena spp. (Tll)

Wasps
Sphecidae (Bembicinae): Sphecius speciosus (H); Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Sphex ichneumonea (Btz), Sphex pensylvanica (Btz)

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Danaus plexippus (Btz), Limenitis archippus (Btz); Lycaenidae: Lycaeides melissa samuelis (GP); Pieridae: Colias philodice (Btz), Pieris rapae (Btz)

Beetles
Cantharidae:
Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus (Wms)


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