Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:


Xanthium spp.
(Cocklebur) [Asteraceae]
(observations are from Snyder, Whitaker, and Martin et al.)


Haemorhous purpureus (Purple Finch) [seeds comprise 2-5% of the diet in E USA during fall] MZN1951; Psittacidae: Conuropsis carolinensis (Carolina Parakeet) [seeds of major importance as a source of food] Snd2004

Cricetidae: Peromyscus maniculatus (Deer Mouse) [seeds comprise 0.4% of the diet by volume] Wh1966; Sciuridae: Poliocitellus franklinii (Franklin's Ground Squirrel) [seeds comprise 5-10% of the diet in Northern Prairies during the summer] MZN1951