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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Viburnum trilobum
(American Cranberry Bush) [Caprifoliaceae]
(observations are from Bennetts, Mosnier et al., and DeGraaf; Viburnum opulus americanum is a scientific synonym of this shrub)

Birds

Bombycillidae: Bombycilla cedrorum (Cedar Waxwing) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002; Cardinalidae: Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002; Phasianidae: Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) [feeds on fruits in Wisconsin & Ontario during fall & winter, feeds on fruits & this shrub provides protective cover] Bnn1900 DGr2002, Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey) [feeds on fruits & this shrub provides protective cover] DGr2002, Phasianus colchicus (Ring-necked Pheasant) [feeds on fruits & this shrub provides protective cover] DGr2002; Turdidae: Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002

Mammals
Ursidae: Ursus americanus (American Black Bear) [fruits are a minor dietary item during the fall] MOC2008

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