Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:


Viburnum recognitum
(Smooth Arrow-wood) [Caprifoliaceae]
(observations are from Hamilton and DeGraaf; this shrub was referred to as Viburnum dentatum by Hamilton, another common name of this shrub is Northern Arrow-wood)

Cardinalidae: Pheucticus ludovicianus (Rose-breasted Grosbeak) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002; Mimidae: Dumetella carolinensis (Gray Catbird) [feeds on fruits & this shrub provides both protective cover & nesting habitat] DGr2002, Toxostoma rufum (Brown Thrasher) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002;
Phasianidae: Bonasa umbellus  (Ruffed Grouse) [feeds on fruits & this shrub provides protective cover] DGr2002; Picidae: Colaptes auratus (Northern Flicker) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002; Turdidae: Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002, Turdus migratorius  (American Robin) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002; Tyrannidae: Sayornis phoebe  (Eastern Phoebe) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002; Vireonidae: Vireo griseus (White-eyed Vireo) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002, Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002


Cricetidae: Peromyscus leucopus (White-footed Mouse) [eats fruits and/or seeds] Hm1941, Peromyscus maniculatus (Deer Mouse) [eats fruits and/or seeds] Hm1941