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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Vaccinium angustifolium
(Lowbush Blueberry) [Ericaceae]
(observations are from Romain et al. and DeGraaf)

Birds
Emberizidae: Pipilo erythrophthalmus (Eastern Towhee) [feeds on the fruits & uses this shrub for protective cover] DGr2002; Mimidae: Dumetella carolinensis (Gray Catbird) [feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002, Toxostoma rufum (Brown Thrasher) [feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002; Odontophoridae: Colinus virginianus (Bobwhite Quail) [feeds on the fruits & uses this shrub for protective cover] DGr2002; Paridae: Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002; Phasianidae: Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) [feeds on the leaves & fruits as preferred sources of food & uses this shrub for protective cover] DGr2002; Turdidae: Turdus migratorius (American Robin) [feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002; Tyrannidae: Tyrannus tyrannus (Eastern Kingbird) [feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002

Mammals

Ursidae: Ursus americanus (American Black Bear) [fruits occur in the diet about 43% of the time in Ontario in combination with Vaccinium myrtilloides] ROA2013
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