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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Trifolium pratense
(Red Clover) [Fabaceae]
(observations are from Lindroth & Batzli, Martin et al., Bellrose, Bennetts, and Myers et al.)

Birds
Anatidae:
Branta canadensis (Canada Goose) [feeds on this plant] Blr1942; Phasianidae: Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) [feeds on leaves in Wisconsin & Ontario during fall & winter] Bnn1900

Mammals

Cervidae: Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) [an unspecified percentage of deer droppings contained viable seeds of this plant in New York] Myr2004; Cricetidae: Microtus pennsylvanicus (Meadow Vole) [shoots of this plant comprise 9.5% of the diet, this plant has above-average preference as a food source] LB1984; Geomyidae: Geomys bursarius (Plains Pocket Gopher) [feeds on this plant] MZN1951; Leporidae: Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail) [foliage & seeds comprise 5-10% of the diet in Ohio throughout the year] MZN1951
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