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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Tilia spp.
(Basswood, Linden) [Tiliaceae]
(observations are from Martin et al.)

Mammals

Cervidae: Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) [twigs comprise 2-5% of the diet in New York during winter] MZN1951; Leporidae: Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail) [bark of saplings comprises 5-10% of the diet in Iowa during winter] MZN1951; Sciuridae: Sciurus niger (Fox Squirrel) [buds & seeds comprise 2-5% of the diet in Michigan during fall & winter & spring] MZN1951, Tamias striatus (Eastern Chipmunk) [buds & seeds comprise 5-10% of the diet in NE USA during summer & fall & spring] MZN1951
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