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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Taraxacum officinale
(Dandelion) [Asteraceae]
(observations are from Lindroth & Batzli, Schwartz, Martin et al., Ernst et al., Cole & Batzli, Lagler, Romain et al., Korschgen, Whitaker, Bennetts, and Mosnier et al.)

Birds
Fringillidae:
Spinus tristis (American Goldfinch) [seeds comprise 2-5% of the diet in E USA during fall & winter] MZN1951; Phasianidae: Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) [leaves comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in the Northeast during winter, feeds on leaves in Wisconsin & Ontario during fall & winter] MZN1951 Bnn1900, Perdix perdix (Hungarian Partridge) [seeds & leaves comprise 2-5% of the diet in the Northeast during spring & summer] MZN1951, Tympanuchus cupido (Greater Prairie Chicken) [seeds, flowerheads, & leaves eaten during spring for 2 months, seeds & leaves comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in Wisconsin during summer, this plant has average importance as a source of food in Missouri] Swz1945 MZN1951 Krs1962

Mammals

Cricetidae: 
Microtous ochrogaster (Prairie Vole) [feeds on this plant] CB1979, Microtus pennsylvanicus (Meadow Vole) [shoots of this plant comprise 17.4% of the diet, this plant has above-average preference as a food source] LB1984, Microtus pinetorum (Woodland Vole) [feeds on taproot & leaves] MZN1951; Sciuridae: Ictidomys tridecemlineatus (Thirteen-lined Ground Squirrel) [flowerheads & seeds comprise 0.9% of the diet by volume and 2.2% by frequency in Indiana] Wh1972; Ursidae: Ursus americanus (American Black Bear) [foliage & flowerheads & seeds found in scats 28% of the time in Ontario, leaves & flowerheads are a minor dietary item in Quebec during the spring] ROA2013 MOC2008

Turtles
Emydidae: Graptemys insculpta (Wood Turtle) [feeds on leaves] Lg1943, Terrapene ornata (Ornate Box Turtle) [feeds on this plant] EBL1994
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