Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:


Symphyotrichum laeve
(Smooth Blue Aster) [Asteraceae]
(observations are from Voigt Englund & Meyer and Buech; Aster laevis is a scientific synonym of this plant)

Setophaga kirtlandii (Kirtland's Warbler) [this plant provided protective cover & it was located within 1 meter of the nest sites 70% of the time in Michigan] Bch1980


Cervidae: Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) [this plant is heavily browsed] VM1986