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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Symphoricarpos albus
(Snowberry) [Caprifoliaceae]
(observations are from Martin et al. and DeGraaf)

Birds

Bombycillidae: Bombycilla cedrorum (Cedar Waxwing) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002; Fringillidae: Coccothraustes vespertinus (Evening Grosbeak) [feeds on fruits & uses this shrub for protective cover] DGr2002, Pinicola enucleator (Pine Grosbeak) [prefers the fruits as a source of food & uses this shrub for protective cover] DGr2002; Odontophoridae:
Colinus virginianus (Bobwhite Quail) [fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in NE Prairies] MZN1951; Phasianidae: Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) [feeds on fruits & uses this shrub for protective cover] DGr2002, Phasianus colchicus (Ring-necked Pheasant) [prefers fruits as a source of food & uses this shrub for protective cover] DGr2002, Tympanuchus cupido (Greater Prairie Chicken) [fruits & buds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in the Northern Plains] MZN1951; Turdidae: Catharus guttatus (Hermit Thrush) [feeds on fruits & uses this shrub for protective cover] DGr2002, Catharus ustulatus (Swainson's Thrush) [feeds on fruits & uses this shrub for protective cover] DGr2002, Turdus migratorius (American Robin) [feeds on fruits, the fruits are eaten occasionally] DGr2002 Be1915
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