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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Sparganium spp.
(Bur-reed) [Sparganiaceae]
(observations are from Martin et al. and Bellrose)

Birds

Anatidae:
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck) [these plants comprise 5-10% of the diet in the Northeast during fall & winter & spring, these plants comprise 5-10% of the diet in New York during spring, feeds on seeds] MZN1951 Blr1942, Anas acuta (Northern Pintail) [feeds on seeds] Blr1942, Anas americana (American Wigeon) [these plants comprise 2-5% of the diet in the Northeast during the fall] MZN1951, Anas discors (Blue-winged Teal) [these plants comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in the Northeast] MZN1951, Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard) [these plants comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in the Northeast] MZN1951, Anas rubripes (Black Duck) [feeds on seeds] Blr1942, Aythya americana (Redhead) [these plants comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in the Northeast] MZN1951, Aythya collaris (Ring-necked Duck) [these plants comprise 0.5%-2% of the diet in the Northeast, feeds on seeds] MZN1951 Blr1942, Aythya marila (Greater Scaup) [these plants comprise 2-5% of the diet in the Northeast during spring & fall] MZN1951, Bucephala albeola (Bufflehead) [these plants comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in the Northeast] MZN1951; Gruidae: Grus canadensis (Sandhill Crane) [these plants comprise 0-2% of the diet in western United States] MZN1951; Rallidae: Fulica americana (Common Coot) [these plants comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in the Northeast] MZN1951, Porzana carolina (Sora) [seeds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in the Northeast] MZN1951, Rallus elegans (King Rail) [seeds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in the Northeast] MZN1951; Scolopacidae: Gallinago delicata (Wilson's Snipe) [seeds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in the Northeast] MZN1951

Mammals
Cricetidae:
Ondatra zibethicus (Muskrat) [these plants comprise 5-25% of the diet in NE USA & Maryland] MZN1951
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