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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Sorbus americana
(American Mountain Ash) [Rosaceae]
(observations are from Schorger, Romain et al., Mosnier et al., and DeGraaf)

Birds

Bombycillidae: Bombycilla cedrorum (Cedar Waxwing) [the fruits are a preferred source of food] DGr2002; Columbidae: Ectopistes migratorius (Passenger Pigeon) [fruits occasionally a source of food] Sch1955; Fringillidae: Coccothraustes vespertinus (Evening Grosbeak) [the fruits are a preferred source of food] DGr2002, Pinicola enucleator (Pine Grosbeak) [the fruits are a preferred source of food] DGr2002; Icteridae: Icterus galbula (Baltimore Oriole) [the fruits are a preferred source of food] DGr2002; Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle) [the fruits are a preferred source of food] DGr2002; Mimidae: Dumetella carolinensis (Gray Catbird) [the fruits are a preferred source of food] DGr2002, Toxostoma rufum (Brown Thrasher) [the fruits are a preferred source of food] DGr2002; Phasianidae: Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) [the fruits are a preferred source of food] DGr2002; Picidae: Melanerpes erythrocephalus (Red-headed Woodpecker) [the fruits are a preferred source of food] DGr2002; Sittidae: Sitta carolinensis [feeds on fruits] DGr2002; Turdidae: Catharus fuscescens (Veery) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002, Catharus ustulatus (Swainson's Thrush) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002, Hylocichla mustelina (Wood Thrush) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002, Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird) [the fruits are a preferred source of food] DGr2002, Turdus migratorius (American Robin) [the fruits are a preferred source of food] DGr2002

Mammals
Ursidae: Ursus americanus (American Black Bear) [fruits occur in the diet about 11% of the time in Ontario, the fruits are a major dietary item in Quebec during autumn] ROA2013 MOC2008
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