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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Solanum ptycanthum
(Black Nighshade) [Solanaceae]
(observations are from Schwartz and Meanley; this plant is sometimes referred to as Solanum nigra in older texts)

Birds

Phasianidae:
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey) [the fruits have minor importance in the diet in Arkansas during the fall] Mn1956, Tympanuchus cupido (Greater Prairie Chicken) [fruits & seeds eaten during fall for 1 month] Swz1945
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