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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Solanum ptycanthum
(Black Nighshade) [Solanaceae]
(observations are from Schwartz, Meanley, and Myers et al.; this plant is sometimes referred to as Solanum nigra in older texts)

Birds

Phasianidae:
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey) [the fruits have minor importance in the diet in Arkansas during the fall] Mn1956, Tympanuchus cupido (Greater Prairie Chicken) [fruits & seeds eaten during fall for 1 month] Swz1945

Mammals
Cervidae: Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) [2% of deer droppings contained viable seeds of this plant in New York] Myr2004
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